Tecumseh Troubleshooting and Service Information Manual


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Basic

Troubleshooting and

Service Information

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Safety Definitions

ii

General Safety Precautions

1

General Information

2

Reviewing The Engine ID Label

3

Model Numbering Identification for TecumsehPower's Full Engine Line

4

Spark Plug Replacement (4-Cycle)

5

Spark Plug Replacement (2-Cycle and Europa)

6

Fuel Recommendations

7-8

TecumsehPower 4-Cycle Lubrication Requirements

9

4-Cycle Troubleshooting

10-11

TecumsehPower 2-Cycle Engine Oil Requirements

12

2-Cycle Troubleshooting

13-14

4-Cycle Cross Reference for Specification-To-Model Number Designation (Vertical Engines)

15

4-Cycle Cross Reference for Specification-To-Model Number Designation (Horizontal Engines)

16

2-Cycle Cross Reference for Specification-To-Model Number Designation

 

(Vertical and Horizontal Engines)

16

Repair Manuals

17

Tecumseh Power Company.

i

The information in this guide is intended to assist individuals who are knowledgeable in basic engine repair and maintenance. If you are unfamiliar with two and four cycle engine operation and maintenance, DO NOT attempt any maintenance or repairs. Contact your local TecumsehPower Servicing Dealer for assistance.

IMPORTANT NOTICE!

Safety Definitions

Statements in this manual preceded by the following words and graphics are of special significance:

WARNING

Or

WARNING

WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

NOTE

Refers to important information and is placed in italic type.

It is recommended that you take special notice of all items discussed on the next two pages and wear the appropriate safety equipment.

Before operating an engine it is your responsibility to read the Operator’s Manual. Follow these basic rules for your personal safety:

Keep this manual handy at all times for future reference.

Read it carefully and familiarize yourself with operating, maintenance, components and safety instructions.

Notice Regarding Emissions

Engines which are certified to comply with California and U.S. EPAemission regulations for SORE (Small Off Road Equipment), are certified to operate on regular unleaded gasoline, and may include the following emission control systems: (EM) Engine Modification and (TWC) Three- Way Catalyst (if so equipped).

TecumsehPower Contact Information

For engine adjustments, repairs or warranty service, contact your nearest Authorized TecumsehPower Servicing Dealer. Find them on our website at www. TecumsehPower.com or call TecumsehPower at 1-800- 558-5402 or 262-377-2700 if you are located outside the U.S.

ii

General Safety Precautions

A. Avoid Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

All engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing carbon monoxide can cause headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, confusion and eventually death.

Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas which may be present even if you do not see or smell any engine exhaust. Deadly levels of carbon monoxide can collect rapidly and you can quickly be overcome and unable to save yourself. Also, deadly levels of carbon monoxide can linger for hours or days in enclosed or poorly-ventilated areas. If you experience any symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, leave the area immediately, get fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREATMENT.

To prevent serious injury or death from carbon monoxide:

NEVER run engine indoors. Even if you try to ventilate engine exhaust with fans or open windows and doors, carbon monoxide can rapidly reach dangerous levels.

NEVER run engine in poorly-ventilated or partially enclosed areas such as barns, garages, basements, carports, under dwellings, or in pits.

NEVER run engine outdoors where engine exhaust can be drawn into a building through openings such as windows and doors.

B.Avoid Gasoline Fires

Gasoline (fuel) vapors are highly flammable and can explode. Fuel vapors can spread and be ignited by a spark or flame many feet away from engine. To prevent injury or death from fuel fires, follow these instructions:

NEVER store engine with fuel in fuel

tank inside a building with potential sources of ignition such as hot water

and space heaters, clothes dryers, electric motors, etc.

NEVER remove fuel cap or add fuel when engine is running.

NEVER start or operate the engine with fuel fill cap removed.

Allow engine to cool before refueling.

NEVER fill fuel tank indoors. Fill fuel tank outdoors in a well-ventilated area.

DO NOT smoke while refueling tank.

Use only an approved red GASOLINE container

to store and dispense fuel. TecumsehPower recommends purchasing gasoline in containers with a capacity of 2.5 gallons or less. Small containers are easier to handle and help eliminate spillage during refueling.

DO NOT pour fuel from engine or siphon fuel by mouth.

C.AdultSupervisionofOperation,Refueling and Maintenance

Not everyone who is allowed to use an engine is capable of safely and responsibly operating, maintaining and/or fueling it. TecumsehPower recommends the following:

An adult should fuel the engine. NEVER allow children to refuel an engine.

An adult should perform maintenance on an engine. Only allow children to perform maintenance if an adult has determined they are experienced and capable of such operation.

An adult should start the engine. Only allow children to start the engine if an adult has determined they are experienced and capable of such operation.

To avoid unsupervised operation of the engine, especially by children, NEVER leave it unattended when it is running.

D. Stay Away from Rotating Parts

NEVER operate an engine with an unguarded engine shaft.

The equipment manufacturer may attach a sprocket and chain or pulley and belt to the engine

shaft. If these parts are not properly guarded, or if you are not sure whether they are properly guarded, DO NOT use your engine; contact the equipment manufacturer. Hands, feet, hair, jewelry,

clothing, etc. can become entangled in rotating parts, leading to serious injury or death. To avoid serious injury or death, be sure the flywheel guard is in place.

1

General Information

The following information is being provided to assist you in locating and recording your engine model and specification numbers. This information will be needed to use this book or obtain parts from a local TecumsehPower dealer.

Model Numbering System for TecumsehPower’s Full Engine Line Prior to 2004 Production

LOCATING AND READING ENGINE MODEL AND SPECIFICATION

THE FOLLOWING WILL BE NEEDED TO LOCATE PARTS FOR YOUR ENGINE.

 

Model

Specification

(DOM)

 

ENGINE: TVM195

150288G

8150C

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENGINE MODEL

SPEC NO.

D.O.M

 

TVM195

 

150288G

8150C

Typical Engine I.D. Label

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tecumseh Power

Company

 

 

 

THIS ENGINE MEETS 1995-1998

CALIF/US

 

 

 

EPA PH1 APPLICABLE EMISSION

REGULA-

 

 

 

TIONS FOR ULGE ENGINES FUEL REGULAR

 

 

 

UNLEADED OIL SAE 30

 

TVM195 150288G (E)

STP318U1G2EA

3188150 C

ENGINE MODEL NUMBER

 

LOCATED UNDER COVER

ENGINE MODEL NUMBER LOCATIONS

ENGINE MODEL

NUMBER

LOCATIONS

2

Model Numbering System for Current TecumsehPower’s Full Engine Line

Reviewing The Engine ID Label

Effective with the 2004 Model Year, we have changes to the engine I.D. label on our products. The following pages will explain the information contained on the label dependent on the age of your product.

Specification Number

The numbers following the model number make up the specification number.

Using model LV195EA-361541B, as an example, interpretation is as follows:

LV195EA-361541B is the model and specification number.

L V 195 E A - 361541B

(B)

{

{

{

Warranty Code

Is the specification number used for properly identifying the parts of the engine

Indicates a standard power configuration Indicates EPA/CARB compliant

Indicates a 195 cc displacement

Indicates a vertical shaft configuration

Indicates an L-Head, side valve configuration

Date of Manufacture

The Date of Manufacture (D.O.M.) indicates the production date.

For this example, 03188BC0010 is the D.O.M. (Date of Manufacture).

 

Day of

 

 

Individual

Year

Year

Mfg

Assembly

Serial #

2003

188th

Facility

Line / Shift

10th unit built

03

188

B

C

0010

 

 

 

 

 

Typical Engine

I.D. Label

Locations

ENGINE MODEL NUMBER

LOCATED UNDER COVER

ENGINE MODEL NUMBER LOCATIONS

ENGINE MODEL NUMBER LOCATIONS

3

Model Numbering Identification for TecumsehPower’s Full Engine Line

CURRENT CODE

(effective 2004 production)

1st Space - Valve Orientation

T = Two Cycle

O = Overhead Valve

L = L-Head

2nd Space - Crank Orientation

V = Vertical

H = Horizontal

M = Multi-position

3rd, 4th and 5th Space - Displacement

6th Space - Emissions Class

E = 50 State/Global Emissions Compliant

X = Not for sale in California, except exempt applications

S = Snow Emission Compliant

7th Space - Engine Specifics

A = Standard (OHH50-60), (OHSK50-70)

P = Power Up (OHH65-70, OHSK75-775)

4-Cycle

ECH -

Exclusive Craftsman Horizontal

ECV -

Exclusive Craftsman Vertical

H -

Horizontal Shaft

HH -

Horizontal Heavy Duty (Cast Iron)

HHM -

Horizontal Heavy Duty (Cast Iron)

 

(Medium Frame)

HM -

Horizontal Medium Frame

HMSK -

Horizontal Medium Frame (Snow King)

HMXL -

Horizontal Medium Frame (Extra Life)

HS -

Horizontal Small Frame

HSSK -

Horizontal Small Frame (Snow King)

HXL -

Horizontal (Extra Life)

LAV -

Lightweight Aluminum Frame Vertical

LEV -

Low Emissions Vertical

LH -

L-Head Horizontal

LV -

L-Head Vertical

OH -

Overhead Valve Heavy Duty (Cast Iron)

OHH -

Overhead Valve Horizontal

OH195 -

Overhead Valve Horizontal (195 cc's)

OHM -

Overhead Valve Heavy Duty Horizontal

 

(Medium Frame)

OHSK -

Overhead Valve Horizontal (Snow King)

OHV -

Overhead Valve Vertical (Medium Frame)

OV -

Overhead Valve Vertical

OVM -

Overhead Valve Vertical (Medium Frame)

Prior to 2004

Model Number Conversion Chart

4-Cycle

LEV90

- LV148EA

OHH60

- OH195EA

LEV120

- LV195EA

OHH65

- OH195EP

HSSK50

- LH195SA

OHSK70

- OH195SA

HSSK55

- LH195SP

OHSK75

- OH195SP

VSK90

- LV148SA

HMSK90

- LH318SA

OHV135

- OV358EA

HMSK110

- LH358SA

OHV180

- OV490EA

OHSK110

- OH318SA

TVT691

- OV691EA

OHSK130

- OH358SA

VTX691

- OV691EP

OHM110

- OH318EA

2-Cycle

TC300

- TM049XA

HSK870

- TH139SP

HSK600

- TH098SA

AV520

- TV085XA

OVRM -

Overhead Valve Vertical (Small Frame)

 

(Rotary Mower)

OVXL -

Overhead Valve Vertical (Medium

 

Frame) (Extra Life)

TNT -

Toro ‘N’ TecumsehPower (Toro

 

Exclusive Series)

TVEM -

TecumsehPower Vertical European

 

Model

TVM -

TecumsehPower Vertical (Medium

 

Frame) (Replaces V & VM)

TVS -

TecumsehPower Vertical Styled

TVT -

TecumsehPower Vertical Twin

TVXL -

TecumsehPower Vertical (Extra Life)

V -

Vertical Shaft

VH -

Vertical Heavy Duty (Cast Iron)

VLV -

Vector Lightweight Vertical

VLXL -

Vector Lightweight Vertical (Extra Life)

VM -

Vertical Shaft (Medium Frame)

VSK -

Vertical Snow King

VTX -

Vertical Twin

2-Cycle

TH -

Two Cycle Horizontal Shaft

TM -

Two Cycle Multiposition Operation

TV -

Two Cycle Vertical Shaft

4

Spark Plug Replacement

NOTE: Only models which will continue to be manufactured long term will have an updated Model designation.

4-CYCLE SPARK PLUG

Service Number 35395

RJ19LM

ECV100-120

HMSK70, LH318SA (HMSK80), HMSK90 HSK30-70

HSSK40, LH195SA (HSSK50), LH195SP (HSSK55) LH358SA (HMSK100), HMSK110

LEV80, LV148EA (LEV90), LV195EA (LEV120) LV148SA (VSK90), VSK100

TNT100

TNT120 TVS75-120 TVXL90-120

Service Number 34645

RN4C

OH318EA (OHM90-110)

Service Number

33636

RJ17LM

H30-80

HM70-100

HS40-50

TVM195-220

TVXL195-220

VLV-all

Service Number

35552

RL82C

HH140-160

OH120-160

Service Number

34277

RJ8C

H22

H25

HH40-120

HHM80

HMXL70

HT30

HT35

HXL35

LAV25-50

TVM125-170

V40-80

VH40-100

VM70-100

OHM120

OH195EA (OHH60), OH195EP (OHH65) OHH/OHSK40-130

OH195SA (OHSK70), OH195SP (OHSK75)

OH318SA (OHSK110), OH358SA (OHSK120-130) OH180

OV195EA

OV358EA (OHV110-135), OV490EA (OHV140-180) OV691EP (VTX691, TVT691)

OVM120

*OVXL120

*OVXL/C120

*OVXL125

OV195

Note:

*OVXL models with specification nos. below 202700 use RL86C.

OHM120 models with specification nos. below 224000 use RL86C.

OHSK110 - 130 models with specification nos. below 223000 use RL86C.

Service Number 34046

RL86C

OHM120

OH318SA (OHSK110), OH358SA (OHSK120-130) OVM120

*OVXL120

*OVXL/C120

*OVXL125

Note:

*OVXL models with specification nos. 202700, 203000 and up, use RN4C.

OHM120 models with specification nos. 224000 and up, use RN4C.

OHSK110, OHSK120-130 models with specification nos. 223000 and up, use RN4C.

NOTE: THE SERVICE NUMBERS LISTED BELOW WILL GIVE CORRESPONDING CHAMPION AND AUTOLITE SUBSTITUTIONS.

 

 

Champion

Autolite

35395

-

RJ19LM

NA

35552

-

RL82C

4092

34046

-

RL86C

425

34645

-

RN4C

403

33636

-

RJ17LM

245

34277

-

RJ8C

304

 

 

 

 

SPARK PLUG AIR GAP ON ALL MODELS IS

.030 (.762 mm)

3/8"

1/2"

3/4"

9.525 mm

12.700 mm

19.050 mm

NOTE:

Not all spark plugs have the same heat range or reach. Using an incorrect spark plug can cause severe engine damage or poor performance. TecumsehPower uses all three of the reaches shown.

FOR TWO CYCLE INFORMATION

REFER TO NEXT PAGE.

Note: If you need assistance locating your engine model numbers please check page 3 or 4.

5

Spark Plug Replacement

NOTE: Only models which will continue to be manufactured long term will have an updated Model designation.

2-CYCLE SPARK PLUG

Service Number

611100

RCJ6Y

TC300

TCH300

TM049XA

Service Number

33636

RJ17LM

AV600

AV520

TVS600

TV085XA

Service Number

35395

RJ19LM

TVS840

TVXL840

Service Number 611049

RCJ8Y

AH520

HSK600

AH600

HSK635

HSK840

TH139SA

HXL840

HSK845, 850

TC200

TH139SP

TCH200 Type 1500

HSK870

TH098SA

 

EUROPA MODELS

4-CYCLE SPARK PLUG

Service Number 33636

RJ17LM

Service Number 34645

RN4C

All Horizontal Models

BV

BVL

BVS Centura Futura

HTL

LAV

Legend

Premier 153/173

Prisma

Spectra

Synergy

Vantage

Centrua OHV

Geotec OHV

Synergy OHV

Futura OHV

Premier 45/55

 

2-CYCLE SPARK PLUG

Service Number 33636

RJ17LM

AV85/125 MV100S

AV520/600 TVS600

NOTE: THE SERVICE NUMBERS LISTED BELOW

WILL GIVE CORRESPONDING CHAMPION

AND AUTOLITE SUBSTITUTIONS.

 

 

Champion

Autolite

 

 

 

 

35395

-

RJ19LM

NA

33636

-

RJ17LM

245

611100

-

RCJ-6Y

2974

611049

-

RCJ-8Y

2976

 

 

 

 

SPARK PLUG AIR GAP ON ALL MODELS IS

.030 (.762 mm)

3/8" 1/2" 3/4" 9.525 mm 12.700 mm 19.050 mm

NOTE:

Not all spark plugs have the same heat range or reach. Using an incorrect spark plug can cause severe engine damage or poor performance. TecumsehPower uses all three of the reaches shown.

Note: If you need assistance locating your engine model numbers please check page 3 or 4.

6

Fuel Recommendations

Today’s fuels have a short shelf life and it is recommended you buy no more than a two week supply at a time.

GASOLINE

TecumsehPower strongly recommends the use of fresh, clean, unleaded regular gasoline in all TecumsehPower engines. Unleaded gasoline burns cleaner, extends engine life, and promotes good starting by reducing the build-up of combustion chamber deposits. Leaded gasoline, gasohol containing no more than 10% ethanol, premium gasoline, or unleaded gasoline containing no more than 15% MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether), 15% ETBE (Ethyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) or 10% ethanol, can be used if unleaded regular gasoline is not available.

Reformulated gasoline that is now required in several areas of the United States is also acceptable.

NEVER USE gasoline, fuel conditioners, additives or stabilizers containing methanol, gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol, unleaded regular gasoline containing more than 15% MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether), 15% ETBE (Ethyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) or 10% ethanol, gasoline additives, or white gas because engine/fuel system damage could result.

SPECIALTY FUELS

Fuels being marketed for use on small engines can have a significant effect on starting and engine performance. Prior to using any specialty fuel, the Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP) must be determined. Fuels with a rating of less than 50kPa (7psi) should not be used in summer, and fuel with a rating of 85kPa (12psi) should not be used during winter.

SHORT TERM STORAGE

WARNING NEVER store the engine with fuel in the fuel tank inside a building with potential sources of ignition such as hot water and space heaters, clothes dryers, electric motors, etc.

If engine fuel stored in the gas tank and/or an approved gas container is to be unused without gasoline stabilizer for more than 15-30 days, prepare it for short term/seasonal storage.

TecumsehPower recommends using ULTRA-FRESH™ or Fuel Saver Plus Gasoline Stabilizer plus Fuel System Cleaner as an acceptable method of minimizing formation of fuel gum deposits during storage. This product is available from your Authorized TecumsehPower Servicing Dealer.

Always follow mix ratio found on stabilizer container. Failure to do so may result in equipment damage.

It is not necessary to drain stabilized gas from carburetor.

FUEL TREATMENT

1.Add fuel stabilizer according to manufacturer’s instructions.

2.Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer to allow it to reach carburetor.

3.Instead of using a fuel preservative/stabilizer, you can empty the fuel tank as described under "Extended Storage”.

7

Fuel Recommendations - continued

EXTENDED STORAGE

NOTES

Clean debris from engine before draining fuel from carburetor. If you have prepared your fuel for short term storage it is not necessary to drain fuel that contains stabilizer from your carburetor.

To avoid severe injury or death, DO NOT pour fuel from engine or siphon fuel by mouth.

1.To prevent serious injury from fuel fires, empty fuel tank by running engine until it stops from lack of fuel. DO NOT attempt to pour fuel from engine.

2.Run the engine while waiting until the remaining fuel is consumed.

NEVER leave the engine unattended when it is running and NEVER run engine in enclosed areas.

FUEL ADDITIVES

Only fuel additives such as TecumsehPower’s fuel stabilizer Part No. 730245A or liquid varieties can be used when mixed properly. For winter applications, Isopropyl alcohol fuel dryers may be used in the fuel system but must be mixed at the proper ratio recommended by the manufacturer. NEVER USE METHANOL

BASED FUEL DRYERS.

8

TECUMSEHPOWER 4-CYCLE LUBRICATION

TecumsehPower recommends the use of a high quality, brand name oil with a minimum classification of SL/SJ. Very few air cooled engines have any type of oil filtration system, making regular oil changes critical to remove

impurities from the engine and maximize engine life.

Consult the operator's or repair manual for the oil change interval and viscosity based on equipment operating temperature.

TecumsehPower

4-CYCLE ENGINE OIL

shown with model names prior to 2004

CLASSIFICATIONS: “SL/SJ"

 

 

DO NOT USE 10W40

 

 

CAPACITIES:

 

 

Engine Model

ml

Oz.

All LAV, TVS, LEV, OVRM

630

21

ECV, TNT

630

21

V & VH50-70

810

27

TVM 125, 140

810

27

TVM 170-220

960

32

VM70-100, HHM80

960

32

VH100

1500

50

All VLV

810

27

VSK90-100

630

21

OVM120, OVXL120, 125

960

32

OHV11-13 Without Filter

960

32

OHV11-13 With Filter

1170

39

OHV13.5-17 With Filter

1800

61

OHV13.5-17 Without Filter

1650

55

TVT691 With Filter

2150

71

TVT691 Without Filter

1950

64

H, HSK30-35

630

21

HS, HSSK40-50

630

21

H, HH, HSK50-70

570

19

OHH/OHSK50-70

630

21

HMSK, HM70-100

720

26

OHSK80-100

720

26

OHM120, OHSK110*-130

840

28

HH100,120, OH120-180

1560

52

*NOTE: Model OHSK110 with a spec. of 221000 and up, have a capacity of 26 oz. (720 ml).

TecumsehPower

4-CYCLE ENGINE OIL

shown with model names 2004 production and later

Engine Model

ml

Oz.

LH195SA, LH195SP

630

21

LH318SA, LH358SA

720

26

LV148EA, LV148SA

630

21

LV195EA

630

21

OH195EA, OH195EP

630

21

OH195SA, OH195SP

630

21

OH318EA

720

26

OH358SA

840

28

OV195EA

630

21

OV358EA With Filter

1170

39

OV358EA Without Filter

960

32

OV490EA With Filter

1800

61

OV490EA Without Filter

1650

55

OV691EA With Filter

2150

71

OV691EA Without Filter

1950

64

OV691EP With Filter

2150

71

OV691EP Without Filter

1950

64

EUROPA MODELS *

 

 

 

 

 

VERTICALS

ml

Oz.

 

 

Vantage

630

21

Prisma

630

21

Synergy

630

21

Synergy "55"

810

27

Spectra

630

21

Futura

630

21

HTL

630

21

BVS

630

21

 

HORIZONTALS

 

 

BH Series

630

21

Geotec Series 35-50

630

21

NOTE: Vertical shaft engines with auxiliary PTO: 26 oz. (700 ml).

9

Four Cycle Troubleshooting

The following is provided as a basic troubleshooting guide. Its use requires a complete review of all conditions and symptoms. Always examine the exterior for clues: leaks, excessive dirt, or obvious damage. Some repairs will require the assistance of a TecumsehPower Servicing Dealer.

Preparation

Before troubleshooting any system problem, see original equipment manufacturer’s (O.E.M.) instructions.

Make your troubleshooting easier by preparing as follows:

Work in a clean, well-lighted place.

Keep proper tools and materials nearby.

Keep an adequate supply of clean petroleum-based solvent.

 

To reduce the risk of serious injury or death from fires and/or explosions, NEVER use flammable

 

solvents (e.g., gasoline) to clean serviceable parts. Use a water-based, non-flammable solvent

 

such as TecumsehPower Degreaser Cleaner.

CAUTION

NEVER use compressed air to clean debris from yourself or your clothing. When using compressed

 

air to clean or dry serviceable parts:

Wear appropriate eye protection.

Use only approved air blow nozzles.

Air pressure must not exceed 30psi (206kPa).

Shield yourself and bystanders from flying debris.

FUEL SYSTEM

Engine Will Not Start

Check if spark plug is wet or

dry

Wet

Dry

Defective spark plug

Use Tester 670366

Restricted air filter

Improper or stale fuel

Exhaust ports plugged

Carburetion problems due to flooding,

over priming, etc.*

Review with the customer proper priming procedure (3-5 primes, waiting 2 seconds between each prime)

If equipped with a choke, check for full travel. Check throttle cable and control for proper adjustment.

Check fuel supply and fuel cap vent

Restriction in fuel system (filter)

Carburetion problem*

(bad bowl gasket)

Ignition System

Poor Compression

Should more extensive repair be needed, we recommend you contact a local TecumsehPower Servicing Dealer for repair. Repair manuals are also available from your local dealer or direct from www.TecumsehPower.com. A complete list of the available manuals can be found at the end of this book.

NOTE: Refer to Technician's Handbook for a more detailed list of remedies.

10

Four Cycle Troubleshooting - continued

 

To reduce the risk of serious injury or death from fires and/or explosions, NEVER use flammable

 

solvents (e.g., gasoline) to clean serviceable parts. Use a water-based, non-flammable solvent

 

such as TecumsehPower Degreaser Cleaner.

CAUTION

NEVER use compressed air to clean debris from yourself or your clothing. When using compressed

air to clean or dry serviceable parts:

 

Wear appropriate eye protection.

Use only approved air blow nozzles.

Air pressure must not exceed 30psi (206kPa).

Shield yourself and bystanders from flying debris.

IGNITION SYSTEM

Engine Will

Not Start

Check for Spark

Spark

No Spark

Check flywheel for

correct key, damaged

or sheared key

Set proper air gap on

external coil

Set proper point gap, check condensor and timing

Test coil for

intermittent or weak

spark

Replace spark plug

Isolate engine from all equipment (disconnect wiring harness), repeat test

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spark

 

No Spark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment problem,

 

Engine problem, check

check switches, wiring and

 

for shorts or grounds

equipment controls

 

 

in wiring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parasitic load too high

 

Test ignition module

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Should more extensive repair be needed, we recommend you contact a local TecumsehPower Servicing Dealer for repair. Repair manuals are also available from your local dealer or direct from www.TecumsehPower.com. A complete list of the available manuals can be found at the end of this book.

NOTE: Refer to Technician's Handbook for a more detailed list of remedies.

11

TECUMSEHPOWER 2-CYCLE ENGINE OIL

The proper type and ratio of 2-cycle oil is critical to long life and low maintenance of the engine. The use of non-certified oils and improper mix ratio’s can cause severe engine damage and possibly void warranty consideration.

The following is a list of 2-cycle engine oil classifications which are certified for use in TecumsehPower

2-cycle engines:

National Marine Manufactures Association, (NMMA), TC-WII or TC-W3

American Petroleum Institute, (API), TC

Japanese Automobile Standard Organization, (JASO), FB or FC

TWO-CYCLE FUEL/OIL MIX RATIOS

24:1

32:1

50:1

AV520 Types 670 & 653, TV085

TVS600 ALL TYPES

TVS / TVXL

TV085XA (AV600 Type 600-10 & Up)

AH600

HSK840 - 870 - TH139

TC200, TCH200, TCH300

 

HSK600 - 635 - TH098

TM049XA (TC300)

 

 

MV100S

 

 

Sears/Craftsman 40:1 2-Cycle Oil has been tested and approved for use in all engines, EXCEPT the TC / TM Models which require a 24:1 Ratio.

2-CYCLE

SYNTHETIC BLEND

ENGINE OIL WITH FUEL STABILIZER

PART NO. 730227D

TecumsehPower 2-CYCLE ENGINE OIL may be used in a variety of 2-cycle engines including: outboards, lawnmowers, snow-blower, string trimmers, and edgers at any fuel/oil mixing ratio up to 50:1.

Superior Lubricity Extends engine life by reducing wear

Longer Spark Plug life through reduced fouling

Reduces Carbon Build-Up extending required service intervals

Helps maintain emissions compliance which helps our environment

Contains Fuel Stabilizer-Extends fuel life and protects fuel system

ENGINE FUEL MIX

 

 

U.S.

U.S.

METRIC

METRIC

 

 

 

Amount of Oil

 

 

Amount of Oil

 

Gasoline

To Be Added

 

Petrol

To Be Added

24:1

1 Gallon

5 oz.

4

Liters

167 ml

 

2

Gallons

11 oz.

8

Liters

333 ml

 

5

Gallons

27 oz.

20 Liters

833 ml

32:1

1 Gallon

4 oz.

4

Liters

125 ml

 

2

Gallons

8 oz.

8

Liters

250 ml

 

5

Gallons

20 oz.

20 Liters

625 ml

50:1

1 Gallon

2.5 oz.

4

Liters

80 ml

 

2 Gallons

5 oz.

8

Liters

160 ml

 

5 Gallons

13 oz.

20 Liters

400 ml

12

Two Cycle Troubleshooting

The following is provided as a basic troubleshooting guide. Its use requires a complete review of all conditions and symptoms. Always examine the exterior for clues: leaks, excessive dirt, or obvious damage. Some repairs will require the assistance of a TecumsehPower Servicing Dealer.

Preparation

Before troubleshooting any system problem, see original equipment manufacturer’s (O.E.M.) instructions.

Make your troubleshooting easier by preparing as follows:

Work in a clean, well-lighted place.

Keep proper tools and materials nearby.

Keep an adequate supply of clean petroleum-based solvent.

 

To reduce the risk of serious injury or death from fires and/or explosions, NEVER use flammable

 

solvents (e.g., gasoline) to clean serviceable parts. Use a water-based, non-flammable solvent

 

such as TecumsehPower Degreaser Cleaner.

CAUTION

NEVER use compressed air to clean debris from yourself or your clothing. When using compressed

 

air to clean or dry serviceable parts:

Wear appropriate eye protection.

Use only approved air blow nozzles.

Air pressure must not exceed 30psi (206kPa).

Shield yourself and bystanders from flying debris.

FUEL SYSTEM

Engine Will Not

Start

Check if spark plug is

wet or dry

Wet

Dry

Defective spark plug

Restricted air filter

Improper fuel mix or stale fuel

Sheared or partially sheared

flywheel key

Carburetion problems due to flooding, over priming, etc.*

Ignition System

Crankcase seals or gaskets leaking

Review with customer priming or choking procedure (3-5 primes, if equipped, waiting 2 seconds between each prime)

If equipped with a choke, check for full travel. Check throttle cable and control for proper adjustment.

Carburetion problem*

(bad bowl gasket)

Check fuel supply and fuel cap vent

Restriction in fuel system

(filter, screen)

Poor compression

Damaged reed, port plugs, seals or gaskets

Should more extensive repair be needed, we recommend you contact a local TecumsehPower Servicing Dealer for repair. Repair manuals are also available from your local dealer or direct from www.TecumsehPower.com. A complete list of the available manuals can be found at the end of this book.

NOTE: Refer to Technician's Handbook for a more detailed list of remedies.

13

Two Cycle Troubleshooting - continued

 

To reduce the risk of serious injury or death from fires and/or explosions, NEVER use flammable

 

solvents (e.g., gasoline) to clean serviceable parts. Use a water-based, non-flammable solvent

 

such as TecumsehPower Degreaser Cleaner.

CAUTION

NEVER use compressed air to clean debris from yourself or your clothing. When using compressed

air to clean or dry serviceable parts:

 

Wear appropriate eye protection.

Use only approved air blow nozzles.

Air pressure must not exceed 30psi (206kPa).

Shield yourself and bystanders from flying debris.

IGNITION SYSTEM

Engine Will

Not Start

Check for Spark

Spark

No Spark

Check flywheel for

correct key, damaged

key or key adaptor

Set proper air gap on

external coil

Set proper point gap, check condensor and timing (if equipped)

Test coil for

intermittent or weak

spark

Check electric starter

if applicable

Replace spark plug

Isolate engine from all equipment (disconnect wiring harness), repeat test

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spark

 

No Spark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment problem,

 

Engine problem, check

check switches, wiring and

 

for shorts or grounds in

equipment controls

 

 

wiring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parasitic load too high

 

Test ignition module

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Should more extensive repair be needed, we recommend you contact a local TecumsehPower Servicing Dealer for repair. Repair manuals are also available from your local dealer or direct from www.TecumsehPower.com. A complete list of the available manuals can be found at the end of this book.

NOTE: Refer to Technician's Handbook for a more detailed list of remedies.

14

Cross Reference for Specification - To - Model Number Designation

This cross reference chart allows you to determine an engine Model Number if you only have the Specification Number.

VERTICAL 4-CYCLE ENGINES

Specification

Model

Number Series

Number

10000

TNT100

12000

TNT120

20000

LAV25, OVRM55

20500

OVRM105

21000

OVRM60

21800

OVRM60

22000

OVRM65, OVRM120

23000

OV195EA (RM)

23500

OV195EA (Utility)

30000

LAV30

33000

TVS75

40000

LAV35

42000

OVRM905 (Sears Only)

42600

OVRM40, OVRM45 (Premier Engine)

42900

OVRM40 (High Tech Look)

43000

TVS90

43600

TVS90 (Premier Engine)

43700

TVS90, TVXL90

43900

TVS90 (High Tech Look)

44000

TVS100

44600

TVS100 (Premier Engine)

44800

TVS100

46000

TVS90, TVXL90

46600

TVS90

48000

TVS90

50000

V40

50200

LAV40

52600

OVRM50, OVRM55 (Premier Engine)

52800

OVRM50, OVRM55

52900

OVRM50, OVRM55 (High Tech Look)

53000

TVS105

53600

TVS105 (Premier Engine)

53800

TVS105

53900

TVS105 (High Tech Look)

54000

TVXL105

56000

TVS105, TVS & TVXL115

56600

TVS105, TVS115 (Premier Engine)

56800

TVS115

56900

TVS105, TVS115 (High Tech Look)

57000

TVS & TVXL115

57600

TVS115 (Premier Engine)

57800

TVS115

57900

TVS115 (High Tech Look)

60000

V50, TVM125

61000

TVS & TVXL115

61600

TVS & TVXL115

61800

TVS115

61900

TVS115

62000

LAV50

62100

LAV50 & TVS115

63000

TVS120

63200

TVS120, TVEM120

63600

TVS120 (Premier Engine)

63900

TVS120 (High Tech Look)

66000

TVS120

66100

TVS120

70000

V60, TVM140

80000

VH40

90000

VH50

100000

VH60

125000

V70

127000

VM70, TVM170

127200

TVXL170

135000

VH70

Specification

Model

Number Series

Number

145000

ECV100

147000

ECV105

148000

VH80

149000

VH100

150000

V & VM80, TVM195

150200

TVM & TVXL195

150500

TVM195

151000

ECV110, TVM195

151500

TVM220

152000

ECV120

157000

VM100, TVM220

157200

TVM & TVXL220

157400

TVM220

200000

OVM120

202000

OVXL120, OVXL125

202200

OVXL120 (I/C)

202300

OHV11, OHV115

202400

OVXL125

202500

OHV115

202600

OVXL125 (I/C)

202700

OHV12, OVXL120 (Tec.1200)

203000

OHV125, OVXL125 (Tec1250)

203200

OHV13

203500

OVXL125 (Tec.1250I/C), OHV13/135

203600

OHV14/140

203800

OHV145

204000

OHV15/150

204200

OHV16/160

204400

OHV165

204500

OHV155

204600

OHV17/170

204800

OHV175

206000

OHV110

206200

OHV115

206400

OHV120

206600

OHV125

206800

OHV130

206900

OHV135,OV358EA (Sm. Enduro)

208000

OHV180,OV490EA (Lg. Enduro)

334000

LEV90, LV148EA

334500

VSK90, LV148SA

335000

LEV100

338000

LEV100

338500

VSK100

340000

LEV100

345000

LEV100

346000

LEV105

347000

LEV105

348500

VSK105

350000

LEV115

355000

LEV115

360000

LEV115

361000

LEV120

361400

VSK120

361500

LEV120, LV195EA (Utility)

362000

LEV120, LV195EA (RM)

400000

VLV40

500000

ULT, VLV B24, VLXL50, & VLV126

501000

ULT, VLV, VLXL55, & VLV126

502000

ULT, VLV60, VLV65, & VLV126

502500

VLV65, VLV66

600400

TVT691

600800

TVT691, OV691EA (Twin)

600900

VTX691, OV691EP (Twin)

15

Cross Reference for Specification - To - Model Number Designation

This cross reference chart allows you to determine an engine Model Number if you only have the Specification Number.

HORIZONTAL 4-CYCLE ENGINES

Specification

Model

Number Series

Number

15000

H22

25000

H25

26000

OHH45

35000

H30

35400

HSK30

35800

H30

36700

H30

45000

H & HT35

45400

HSK35

45800

H35

46700

H35

47000

HXL35

55000

H40

55200

HS & HSSK40

55500

HSK40

55700

H40

55800

H40

55900

HSSK40

65000

H50

65300

HSK50

67000

HS & HSSK50, LH195SA

67500

HSSK55, LH195SP

68000

OHH50

68500

OHSK50

69000

OHH55

69500

OHSK55

71100

OHH60, OH195EA

71500

OHSK60

71700

OHH65

71800

OHH65, OH195EP

71900

OHSK65

72000

OHH70

72500

OHSK70, OH195SA (Premium)

73500

OHSK75, OH195SP (Premium)

75000

H60

76000

HSK60

85000

HH40

95000

HH50

105000

HH60

110000

HH80

115000

HH100

Specification

Model

Number Series

Number

120000

HH120

130000

H70

130200

HSK70

132000

HM & HMSK70

132500

HMXL70

140000

HH70

146000

ECH90

155000

H & HM80

155000

HMSK80

155800

HM85

155900

HM & HMSK85

156000

HM90

156500

HMSK90, LH318SA

159000

HM & HMSK100, LH358SA

159900

HMSK105

159950

HMSK110

160000

HH & OH140

170000

HH150 & 160

170000

OH160

175000

OH120

180000

OH180

190000

HHM80

220000

OHM120

221000

OHSK110

221200

OHSK80

221400

OHSK90

221600

OHSK100

221700

OHSK110

221800

OHSK115, OH318SA (Premium)

222000

OHSK120

222300

OHM90

222500

OHM100

222700

OHM110, OH318EA

223000

OHSK90

223400

OHSK110

223600

OHSK120

223700

OHSK125

223800

OHSK130, OH358SA (Premium)

VERTICAL 2-CYCLE ENGINES

Specification

Model

Number Series

Number

3600

TC300, TM049XA

670000

AV520, TV085XA

HORIZONTAL 2-CYCLE ENGINES

Specification

Model

Number Series

Number

1720

HSK635, TH098SA

8300

HSK850, TH139SA

8700

HSK870, TH139SP

16

Repair Manuals

Service Number 740043 or 695244A

OHM120

OH318SA (OHSK110), OH358SA (OHSK120-130)

OH318EA (OHM90-110)

OHM120

OH195EA (OHH60), OH195EP (OHH65)

OHH/OHSK40-130

OH195SA (OHSK70), OH195SP (OHSK75)

OH318SA (OHSK110), OH358SA (OHSK120-130)

OVM120

*OVXL120,

*OVXL/C120

*OVXL125

OV195EA

OV358EA (OHV110-135) OV490EA (OHV140-180) OV691EP (VTX691, TVT691) OVM120

*OVXL120

*OVXL/C120

*OVXL125

Service Number 691462A

HH140-160

OH120-180

Service Number 740047 or 692508

AH520

AH600

HSK840

HXL840

TC200

TCH200 Type 1500

TH098SA (HSK600), HSK635

TH139SA (HSK845, 850)

TH139SP (HSK870)

AV600

TV085XA (AV520)

TVS600

Service Number 694988

TVS840

TVXL840

Service Number 694782

TCH300

TM049XA (TC300)

Service Number 740049 or 692509

ECV100-120

HMSK70, LH318SA (HMSK80), HMSK90, H22

H25

H30-80 HM70-100 HH40-120 HHM80 HMXL70 HT30 HT35 HXL35 HS40-50 HSK30-70

HSSK40, LH195SA (HSSK50), LH195SP (HSSK55) LH358SA (HMSK100), HMSK110

LAV25-50

LEV80, LV148EA (LEV90), LV195EA (LEV120) LV148SA (VSK90), VSK100

TNT100

TNT120 TVS75-120 TVXL90-120 TVM125-170 TVM195-220 TVXL195-220 V40-80 VH40-100 VM70-100

VLV-ALL

17

TecumsehPower Company

900 North Street

Grafton, Wisconsin 53024

1-800-558-5402

Form No. 696533

Litho In U.S.A.

R 2/09

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