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Craftsman 944.602892 42" Lawn Tractor Manual

Craftsman 944.602892 42 Lawn Tractor Manual

00011

OWNER’S MANUAL

MODEL NO. 944.602892

Important:

Read and follow all Safety Rules and Instructions Before Operating This Equipment

02494

20.0HP ELECTRIC START 42" MOWER AUTOMATIC LAWN TRACTOR

Assembly

Operation

Maintenance

Service and Adjustments

Repair Parts

Sears Canada, Inc., Toronto, Ontario M5B 2B8

SAFETY RULES

Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers

IMPORTANT: THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING HANDS AND FEET AND THROWING OBJECTS. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.

I. GENERAL OPERATION

Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual and on the machine before starting.

Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the instructions, to operate the machine.

Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the blade.

Be sure the area is clear of other people before mow- ing. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.

Never carry passengers.

Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down and behind before and while back- ing.

Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass catcher or the guard in place.

Slow down before turning.

Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and remove keys before dismounting.

Turn off blades when not mowing.

Stop engine before removing grass catcher or un- clogging chute.

Mow only in daylight or good artifi cial light.

Do not operate the machine while under the infl uence of alcohol or drugs.

Watch for traffi c when operating near or crossing road- ways.

Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck.

Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above, are involved in a large percentage of riding mower-re- lated injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower safely enough to protect themselves and others from serious injury.

Keep machine free of grass , leaves or other debris build-up which can touch hot exhaust / engine parts and burn. Do not allow the mower deck to plow leaves or other debris which can cause build-up to occur.Clean any oil or fuel spillage before operating or storing the machine. Allow machine to cool before storage.

II. SLOPE OPERATION

Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tipover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.

DO:

Mow up and down slopes, not across.

Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.

Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.

Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope.

Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.

Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the machine.

Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.

Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.

DO NOT:

Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.

Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.

Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause sliding.

Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground.

Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.

III. CHILDREN

Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children. Children are often attracted to the machine and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.

Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of another responsible adult.

Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.

Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.

Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe machine operation.

Never allow children to operate the machine.

Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.

IV. SERVICE

Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels. They are fl ammable and vapors are explosive.

-Use only an approved container.

-Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do not smoke.

-Never refuel the machine indoors.

-Never store the machine or fuel container inside where there is an open fl ame, such as a water heater.

Never run a machine inside a closed area.

Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.

Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly.

Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel spillage. Allow machine to cool before storing.

Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.

Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running.

Grass catcher components are subject to wear, dam- age, and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check components and replace with manufacturer's recom- mended parts, when necessary.

Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.

Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.

2

SAFETY RULES

Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers

Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.

Never carry passengers or children even with the blades off.

Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down and behind before and while backing.

Never carry children.They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe machine operation.

Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of another responsible adult.

Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.

Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.

Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not across.

Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.

Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps.Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.

Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope.

Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.

If machine stops while going uphill, disengage blades, shift into reverse and back down slowly.

Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.

WARNING: Do not coast down a hill in neu- tral, you may lose control of the tractor.

WARNING: Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and comply with specifications of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use common sense when towing. Operate only at the lowest possible speed when on a slope. Too heavy of a load,while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose traction with the ground and cause you to lose control of your tractor.

WARNING: In order to prevent accidental starting when setting up, transporting, adjusting or making repairs, always dis- connect spark plug wire and place wire where it cannot contact spark plug.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SAFETY RULES

2-3

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS

4

WARRANTY

4

CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES

4

ASSEMBLY

6-8

OPERATION

9-14

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

15

MAINTENANCE

15-18

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

19-23

STORAGE

24

TROUBLESHOOTING

25-26

REPAIR PARTS - TRACTOR

28-45

REPAIR PARTS - ENGINE

46-50

PARTS ORDERING/SERVICE

BACK COVER

3

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS

GASOLINE CAPACITY

3.5 GALLONS

AND TYPE:

UNLEADED REGULAR

OIL TYPE (API-SF-SJ):

SAE 30 (above 32°F)

 

SAE 5W-30 (below 32°F)

 

SYNTHETIC (below 0°F)

Your tractor was shipped from the factory with non-synthetic SAE 10W-30 motor oil.

OIL CAPACITY:

W/FILTER:

4.0 PINTS

 

WO/FILTER:

3.75 PINTS

SPARK PLUG:

CHAMPION QC12YC

(GAP: .040")

 

 

GROUND SPEED (MPH):

FORWARD:

5.5

 

REVERSE:

2.4

TIRE PRESSURE:

FRONT:

14 PSI

 

REAR:

10 PSI

CHARGING SYSTEM:

3 AMPS BATTERY

 

5 AMPS HEADLIGHTS

BATTERY:

AMP/HR:

28

 

MIN. CCA:

230

 

CASE SIZE:

U1R

BLADE BOLT TORQUE:

27-35 FT. LBS.

CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of a new tractor. It has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give you the best possible dependability and performance.

Should you experience any problem you cannot easily rem- edy, please contact your nearest authorized service center/ department. We have competent, well-trained technicians and the proper tools to service or repair this tractor.

Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will enable you to assemble and maintain your tractor properly. Always observe the “SAFETY RULES”.

MAINTENANCE AGREEMENT

A Maintenance Agreement is available on this product. Contact your nearest Sears store for details.

CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES

Read and observe the safety rules.

Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and using your tractor.

Follow the instructions under “Maintenance” and “Stor- age” sections of this owner’s manual.

WARNING: This tractor is equipped with an internal com- bustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator.

A spark arrester for the muffl er is available through your nearest authorized service center/department (See REPAIR PARTS section of this manual).

WARRANTY

LIMITED TWO (2) YEAR WARRANTY ON CRAFTSMAN TRACTOR (RIDING EQUIPMENT)

For two (2) years from date of purchase Sears Canada, Inc. will repair or replace at Sears option free of charge parts which are defective as a result of material or workmanship.

FULL ONE (1) YEAR WARRANTY ON BATTERY

For one (1) year from date of purchase, if any battery included with this riding equipment proves defective in material or workman- ship and our testing determines the battery will not hold a charge, Sears will replace the battery at no charge.

COMMERCIAL OR RENTAL USE

Warranty on Riding Equipment used for commercial or rental purposes is limited to ninety (90) days.

This Warranty does NOT cover:

1.Pre-delivery set-up.

2.Tire replacement or repair caused by punctures from outside objects (such as nails, thorns, stumps, or glass).

3.Expendable items which become worn during normal use, such as blades, spark plug, air cleaners and belts.

4.Repairs necessary because of operator abuse or negligence, including damaged jackshaft or mandrel and the failure to operate and maintain the equipment according to the instructions contained in the Owner’s Manual.

5.In Home service.

Warranty service is available by returning the Craftsman Riding Equipment to the nearest Sears Service Centre/Department in Canada. This warranty applies only while this product is in use in Canada.

This warranty is in addition to any statutory warranty and does not exclude or limit legal rights you may have but shall run concur- rently with applicable provincial legislation. Furthermore, some provinces do NOT allow limitation on how long an implied warranty will last so the above limitations may not apply to you.

SEARS CANADA, INC., TORONTO, ONTARIO M5B 2B8

4

UNASSEMBLED PARTS

Steering Wheel

 

Seat

 

Steering

(1) Washer

 

Boot

 

 

 

17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge

 

Steering

 

(1) Knob

 

Extension

 

 

 

 

 

Shaft

 

 

 

Steering

 

Battery

 

 

 

 

Wheel

 

 

 

Insert

 

 

 

(1) Large Flat

(2) Hex Bolts

1/4-20 x 3/4 (2) Keps Nuts

1/4-20

 

 

 

Washer

 

 

 

Steering

 

 

 

Wheel

 

 

 

Adapter

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Oil Drain Tube

 

 

Keys

Slope Sheet

 

 

(1) Locknut

1/2-20

 

 

(1) Large Flat Washer

(2) Keys

 

 

(1) Locknut

1/4-28

 

 

(1) Hex Bolt 1/4-28 x 1-1/4

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

ASSEMBLY

Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes. To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness.

TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY

A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard wrench sizes are listed.

(1)

3/4" wrench

Pliers

(2)

7/16" wrenches

Tire pressure gauge

 

 

Utility knife

When right or left hand is mentioned in this manual, it means when you are in the operating position (seated behind the steering wheel).

TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM CAR- TON

UNPACK CARTON

Remove all accessible loose parts and parts cartons from carton.

Cut along dotted lines on all four panels of carton. Remove end panels and lay side panels fl at.

Check for any additional loose parts or cartons and remove.

BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR FROM SKID

ATTACH STEERING WHEEL (See Fig. 1)

ASSEMBLE EXTENSION SHAFT AND BOOT

Slide extension shaft onto lower steering shaft. Align mounting holes in extension and lower shafts and install 1/4 hex bolt and locknut. Tighten securely.

IMPORTANT: TIGHTEN BOLT AND NUT SECURELY TO 10-12 FT. LBS TORQUE.

Place tabs of steering boot over tab slots in dash and push down to secure.

INSTALL STEERING WHEEL

Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing straight forward.

Remove steering wheel adapter from steering wheel and slide adapter onto steering shaft extension.

Position steering wheel so cross bars are horizontal (left to right) and slide inside boot and onto adapter.

Assemble large fl at washer, 1/2 hex nut and tighten se- curely.

Snap steering wheel insert into center of steering wheel.

Remove protective materials from tractor hood and grill.

IMPORTANT: CHECK FOR AND REMOVE ANY STAPLES IN SKID THAT MAY PUNCTURE TIRES WHERE TRACTOR IS TO ROLL OFF SKID.

INSERT

1/2 HEX NUT

LARGE FLAT

WASHER

STEERING

WHEEL

STEERING

BOOT

TABS

ADAPTER

EXTENSION SHAFT

1/4 HEX BOLT

1/4 LOCKNUT

LOWER

STEERING

SHAFT

TAB

SLOTS

FIG. 1

HOW TO SET UP YOUR TRACTOR

CONNECT BATTERY (See Fig. 2)

CAUTION: Do not short battery ter- minals by allowing a wrench or any other object to contact both terminals at the same time. Before connecting battery, remove metal bracelets, wrist- watch bands, rings, etc.

Positive terminal must be connected first to prevent sparking from accidental grounding.

Lift hood to raised position.

Open terminal access doors, remove terminal protective caps and discard.

6

ASSEMBLY

If this battery is put into service after month and year indicated on label (label located between terminals) charge battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps.

First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) battery terminal with hex bolt and keps nut as shown. Tighten securely.

Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative (-) battery terminal with remaining hex bolt and keps nut. Tighten securely.

Close terminal access doors.

Use terminal access doors for:

Inspection for secure connections (to tighten hardware).

Inspection for corrosion.

Testing battery.

Jumping (if required).

Periodic charging.

DISCARD

 

 

TERMINAL

 

HEX BOLT

PROTECTIVE

KEPS

CAPS

NUT

 

TERMINAL ACCESS

DOOR

POSITIVE (RED)CABLE

NEGATIVE (BLACK)CABLE

FIG. 2

INSTALL SEAT (See Fig. 3)

Adjust seat before tightening adjustment knob.

Remove adjustment knob and fl at washer securing seat to cardboard packing and set aside for assembly of seat to tractor.

Pivot seat upward and remove from the cardboard pack- ing. Remove the cardboard packing and discard.

Place seat on seat pan so head of shoulder bolts are positioned over the large slotted holes in pan.

Push down on seat to engage shoulder bolts in slots and pull seat towards rear of tractor.

Pivot seat and pan forward and assemble adjustment knob and fl at washer loosely. Do not tighten.

Lower seat into operating position and sit in seat.

Slide seat until a comfortable position is reached which allows you to press clutch/brake pedal all the way down.

Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.

Raise seat and tighten adjustment knob securely.

SEAT

SEAT PAN

SHOULDER

BOLTS

FLAT WASHER

ADJUSTMENT

KNOB

FIG. 3

NOTE: You may now roll or drive your tractor off the skid. Follow the appropriate instruction below to remove the tractor from the skid.

TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Op- eration section for location and function of controls)

Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever to its highest position.

Release parking brake by depressing clutch/brake pedal.

Place freewheel control in "transmission disengaged position" (See “TO TRANSPORT” in the Operation section of this manual).

Roll tractor forward off skid.

Remove banding holding the deflector shield up against tractor.

TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Op- eration section for location and function of controls)

WARNING: Before starting, read, understand and follow all instructions in the Operation section of this manual. Be sure tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure the area in front of tractor is clear of other people and objects.

Be sure all the above assembly steps have been com- pleted.

Check engine oil level and fi ll fuel tank with gasoline.

Place freewheel control in "transmission engaged" position (see "TO TRANSPORT" in Operation section of this manual).

Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake pedal and set the parking brake.

Place motion control lever in neutral (N) position.

7

ASSEMBLY

Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever to its highest position.

Start the engine.After engine has started, move throttle control to idle position.

Release parking brake.

Slowly move the motion control lever forward and slowly drive tractor off skid.

Apply brake to stop tractor, set parking brake and place motion control lever in neutral position.

Turn ignition key to "STOP" position.

Continue with the instructions that follow.

INSTALL MULCHER PLATE

(If previously removed) (See Fig. 4)

Raise and hold defl ector shield in upright position.

Place front of mulcher plate over front of mower deck opening and slide into place, as shown.

Hook front latch into hole on front of mower deck.

Hook rear latch into hole on back of mower deck.

CAUTION: Do not remove deflector shield from mower.

DEFLECTOR

SHIELDMULCHER PLATE

LATCH

HOOKS

FIG. 4

TO CONVERT TO BAGGING OR

DISCHARGING

Simply remove mulcher plate and store in a safe place. Your mower is now ready for discharging or installation of optional grass catcher accessory.

NOTE: It is not necessary to change blades. The mulcher blades are designed for discharging and bagging also.

CHECK TIRE PRESSURE

The tires on your tractor were overinfl ated at the factory for shipping purposes. Correct tire pressure is important for best cutting performance.

Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual.

CHECK DECK LEVELNESS

For best cutting results, mower housing should be properly leveled. See“TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING”in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION OF ALL BELTS

See the fi gures that are shown for replacing motion and mower blade drive belts in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual. Verify that the belts are routed correctly.

CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM

After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see that the brake is properly adjusted. See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

CHECKLIST

BEFOREYOU OPERATE AND ENJOYYOUR NEW TRAC- TOR, WE WISH TO ASSURE THAT YOU RECEIVE THE BEST PERFORMANCE AND SATISFACTION FROMTHIS QUALITY PRODUCT.

PLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING CHECKLIST:

All assembly instructions have been completed.

No remaining loose parts in carton.

Battery is properly prepared and charged. (Minimum 1 hour at 6 amps).

Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.

All tires are properly infl ated. (For shipping purposes, the tires were overinfl ated at the factory).

Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/ front-to-rear for best cutting results. (Tires must be properly infl ated for leveling).

Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers.

Check wiring. See that all connections are still secure and wires are properly clamped.

Before driving tractor, be sure freewheel control is in drive position.

WHILE LEARNING HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR, PAY EXTRA ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING IMPORTANT ITEMS:

Engine oil is at proper level.

Fuel tank is fi lled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline.

Become familiar with all controls - their location and function. Operate them before you start the engine.

Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.

It is important to purge the transmission before oper- ating your tractor for the fi rst time. Follow proper start- ing and transmission purging instructions (See “TO START ENGINE” and “PURGE TRANSMISSION” in the Operation section of this manual).

8

OPERATION

These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their mean- ing.

REVERSE

NEUTRAL

HIGH

LOW

CHOKE

FAST

 

SLOW

 

IGNITION

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

 

 

ENGINE OFF

LIGHTS ON

 

ENGINE ON

ENGINE START PARKING BRAKE

PARKING BRAKE

PARKING BRAKE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOCKED

 

UNLOCKED

OVER TEMP

FUEL

OIL PRESSURE

BATTERY

REVERSE

FORWARD

MOWER HEIGHT

 

MOWER LIFT

LIGHT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

15

15

ATTACHMENT

ATTACHMENT

DANGER, KEEP HANDS

KEEP AREA CLEAR

SLOPE HAZARDS

CLUTCH ENGAGED CLUTCH DISENGAGED

 

 

 

 

AND FEET AWAY

(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)

FREE WHEEL (Automatic Models only)

Failure to follow instructions could result in serious injury or death. The safety alert symbol is used to identify safety inform- ation about hazards which can result in death, serious injury and/or property damage.

DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, might result in minor or moderate injury.

CAUTION when used without the alert symbol, indicates a situation that could result in damage to the tractor and/or engine.

HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which,

if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury and/or property damage.

FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury and/or property damage.

9

OPERATION

KNOW YOUR TRACTOR

READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TRACTOR

Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.

AMMETER

CHOKE

CONTROL

THROTTLE

CONTROL

CLUTCH/

BRAKE

PEDAL

FREE WHEEL

CONTROL

ATTACHMENT

IGNITION

LIGHT

CLUTCH LEVER

SWITCH

SWITCH

 

 

 

POSITION

 

 

LIFT LEVER

 

 

PLUNGER

 

 

ATTACHMENT

 

 

LIFT LEVER

 

 

MOWER DECK

 

 

HEIGHT

 

 

ADJUSTMENT

 

 

POSITIONS

 

PARKING

 

BRAKE

 

MOTION

APPROX

CONTROL

SPEED

LEVER

3MPH

 

2 MPH

 

1 MPH

 

FIG. 5

Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.

ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER: Used to engage the mower blades, or other attachments mounted to your tractor.

LIGHT SWITCH POSITION: Turns the headlights on and off.

THROTTLE CONTROL: Used to control engine speed.

CHOKE CONTROL: Used when starting a cold engine.

CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL: Used for declutching and brak- ing the tractor and starting the engine.

PARKING BRAKE:Locks clutch/brake pedal into the brake position.

FREEWHEEL CONTROL: Disengages transmission for pushing or slowly towing the tractor with the engine off.

AMMETER: Indicates charging (+) or discharging (-) of battery.

MOTION CONTROL LEVER: Selects the speed and direction of tractor.

ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER: Used to raise, lower, and adjust the mower deck or other attachments mounted to your tractor.

LIFT LEVER PLUNGER: Used to release attachment lift lever when changing its position.

IGNITION SWITCH: Used for starting and stopping the engine.

10

OPERATION

The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields while op- erating your tractor or performing any adjustments or repairs. We recommend a wide vision safety mask over spectacles or standard safety glasses.

HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR

TO SET PARKING BRAKE (See Fig. 6)

Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sens- ing switch. When engine is running, any attempt by the operator to leave the seat without fi rst setting the parking brake will shut off the engine.

Depress clutch/brake pedal into full “BRAKE” position and hold.

Place parking brake lever in “ENGAGED” position and release pressure from clutch/brake pedal. Pedal should remain in “BRAKE” position. Make sure parking brake will hold tractor secure.

ATTACHMENT

CHOKE CONTROLCLUTCH LEVER "ENGAGED"

POSITION

 

 

 

IGNITION

THROTTLE

 

 

KEY

 

 

 

CONTROL

 

 

"DISENGAGED"

 

 

 

"BRAKE"

 

 

POSITION

 

 

 

POSITION

 

PARKING BRAKE

 

 

"ENGAGED"

 

 

POSITION

 

 

 

MOTION

CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL

PARKING BRAKE

CONTROL

LEVER

"DRIVE" POSITION

"DISENGAGED"

 

 

 

POSITION

FIG. 6

STOPPING (See Fig. 6)

MOWER BLADES -

To stop mower blades,move attachment clutch lever to “DISENGAGED” position.

GROUND DRIVE -

To stop ground drive, depress clutch/brake pedal into full “BRAKE” position.

Move motion control lever to neutral (N) position.

IMPORTANT: THE MOTION CONTROL LEVER DOES NOT RETURN TO NEUTRAL (N) POSITION WHEN THE CLUTCH/ BRAKE PEDAL IS DEPRESSED.

ENGINE -

Move throttle control to slow position.

NOTE: Failure to move throttle control to slow position and allowing engine to idle before stopping may cause engine to “backfi re”.

Turn ignition key to “OFF” position and remove key. Always remove key when leaving tractor to prevent unauthorized use.

Never use choke to stop engine.

IMPORTANT: LEAVING THE IGNITION SWITCH IN ANY POSITION OTHER THAN "OFF" WILL CAUSE THE BATTERY TO BE DISCHARGED, (DEAD).

NOTE: Under certain conditions when tractor is standing idle with the engine running, hot engine exhaust gases may cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate this possibility, al- ways stop engine when stopping tractor on grass areas.

CAUTION: Always stop tractor com- pletely,as described above,before leav- ing the operator's position; to empty grass catcher, etc.

TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL (See Fig. 6)

Always operate engine at full throttle.

Operating engine at less than full throttle reduces the battery charging rate.

Full throttle offers the best bagging and mower perfor- mance.

TO USE CHOKE CONTROL (See Fig. 6)

Use choke control whenever you are starting a cold engine. Do not use to start a warm engine.

To engage choke control, pull knob out. Slowly push knob in to disengage.

TO MOVE FORWARD AND BACKWARD (See Fig. 6)

The direction and speed of movement is controlled by the motion control lever.

Start tractor with motion control lever in neutral (N) position.

Release parking brake.

Slowly move motion control lever to desired position.

TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT (See Fig. 6)

The position of the attachment lift lever determines the cutting height.

Grasp lift lever.

Press plunger with thumb and move lever to desired position.

The cutting height range is approximately 1-1/2 to 4". The heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip with the engine not running. These heights are approximate and may vary depending upon soil conditions, height of grass and types of grass being mowed.

The average lawn should be cut to approximately 2-1/2 inches during the cool season and to over 3 inches during hot months. For healthier and better looking lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.

For best cutting performance, grass over 6 inches in height should be mowed twice. Make the fi rst cut relatively high; the second to desired height.

11

OPERATION

TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS (See Fig. 7)

Gauge wheels are properly adjusted when they are slightly off the ground when mower is at the desired cutting height in operating position. Gauge wheels then keep the deck in proper position to help prevent scalping in most terrain conditions.

NOTE:Adjust gauge wheels with tractor on a fl at level surface.

Adjust mower to desired cutting height (See “TO AD- JUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT” in the Operation section of this manual).

With mower in desired height of cut position, gauge wheels should be assembled so they are slightly off the ground. Install gauge wheel in appropriate hole with shoulder bolt, 3/8 washer, and 3/8-16 locknut and tighten securely.

Repeat for opposite side installing gauge wheel in same adjustment hole.

3/8-16

LOCKNUT

GUAGE WHEEL

 

MOUNTING

 

BRACKET

SHOULDER BOLT

3/8 WASHER GAUGE WHEEL

FIG. 7

TO OPERATE MOWER (See Fig. 8)

Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing switch. Any attempt by the operator to leave the seat with the engine running and the attachment clutch engaged will shut off the engine.

Select desired height of cut.

Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch control.

TO STOP MOWER BLADES - disengage attachment clutch control.

CAUTION: Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass catcher, on mowers so equipped,or the deflector shield in place.

"ENGAGED" POSITION

ATTACHMENT

LIFT LEVER

HIGH POSITION

LOW

POSITION

ATTACHMENT

 

CLUTCH LEVER

 

"DISENGAGED"

DEFLECTOR

POSITION

 

SHIELD

FIG. 8

TO OPERATE ON HILLS

WARNING: Do not drive up or down hills with slopes greater than 15° and do not drive across any slope.

Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down hills.

Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.

If slowing is necessary, move throttle control lever to slower position.

If stopping is absolutely necessary, push clutch/brake pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking brake.

Move motion control lever to neutral (N) position.

IMPORTANT: THE MOTION CONTROL LEVER DOES NOT RETURN TO NEUTRAL (N) POSITION WHEN THE CLUTCH/ BRAKE PEDAL IS DEPRESSED.

To restart movement, slowly release parking brake and clutch/brake pedal.

Slowly move motion control lever to slowest setting.

Make all turns slowly.

TO TRANSPORT (See Figs. 5 and 9)

When pushing or towing your tractor, be sure to disengage transmission by placing freewheel control in freewheeling position. Free wheel control is located at the rear drawbar of tractor.

Raise attachment lift to highest position with attachment lift control.

Pull freewheel control out and down into the slot and release so it is held in the disengaged position.

Do not push or tow tractor at more than two (2) MPH.

To reengage transmission, reverse above procedure.

FIG. 9

NOTE: To protect hood from damage when transporting your tractor on a truck or a trailer, be sure hood is closed and secured to tractor. Use an appropriate means of tying hood to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).

TOWING CARTS AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS

Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and comply with specifi cations of the manufacturer of your trac- tor. Use common sense when towing. Too heavy of a load, while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose traction with the ground and cause you to lose control of your tractor.

12

OPERATION

BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE

CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL

The engine in your tractor has been shipped, from the factory, already fi lled with summer weight oil.

Check engine oil with tractor on level ground.

Remove oil fi ll cap/dipstick and wipe clean, reinsert the dipstick and screw cap tight, wait for a few seconds, remove and read oil level. If necessary, add oil until “FULL” mark on dipstick is reached. Do not overfi ll.

For cold weather operation you should change oil for easier starting (See “OIL VISCOSITY CHART” in the Maintenance section of this manual).

To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section in this manual.

ADD GASOLINE

Fill fuel tank to bottom of fi ller neck. Do not overfi ll. Use fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline with a minimum of 87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will increase carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used within 30 days to assure fuel freshness.

CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline near an open flame.

IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES BELOW32°F(0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE GASOLINE TO HELP INSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER STARTING.

CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel sys- tem of an engine while in storage. To avoid engine problems,the fuel system should be emptied before storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next season. See Storage Instructions for additional information. Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.

TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 5)

When starting the engine for the fi rst time or if the engine has run out of fuel, it will take extra cranking time to move fuel from the tank to the engine.

Be sure freewheel control is in the transmission engaged position.

Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake pedal and set parking brake.

Place motion control lever in neutral (N) position.

Move attachment clutch to “DISENGAGED” position.

Move throttle control to fast position

Pull choke control out for a cold engine start attempt. For a warm engine start attempt the choke control may not be needed.

NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and cold starting procedures below.

Insert key into ignition and turn key clockwise to “START” position and release key as soon as engine starts. Do not run starter continuously for more than fi fteen seconds per minute. If the engine does not start after several attempts, push choke control in, wait a few minutes and try again. If engine still does not start, pull the choke control out and retry.

WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and above)

When engine starts, slowly push choke control in until the engine begins to run smoothly. If the engine starts to run roughly, pull the choke control out slightly for a few seconds and then continue to push the control in slowly.

The attachments and ground drive can now be used. If the engine does not accept the load, restart the engine and allow it to warm up for one minute using the choke as described above.

COLD WEATHER STARTING (50° F and below)

When engine starts, slowly push choke control in until the engine begins to run smoothly. Continue to push the choke control in small steps allowing the engine to accept small changes in speed and load, until the choke control is fully in. If the engine starts to run roughly, pull the choke control out slightly for a few seconds and then continue to push the control in slowly. This may require an engine warm-up period from several seconds to several minutes, depending on the temperature.

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION WARM UP

Before driving the unit in cold weather, the transmission should be warmed up as follows:

Be sure the tractor is on level ground.

Place the motion control lever in neutral. Release the parking brake and let the clutch/brake slowly return to operating position.

Allow one minute for transmission to warm up.This can be done during the engine warm up period.

The attachments can be used during the engine warm- up period after the transmission has been warmed up and may require the choke control be pulled out slightly.

NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000 feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32 F) the carburetor fuel mixture may need to be adjusted for best engine performance. See “TO ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

PURGE TRANSMISSION

CAUTION: Never engage or disengage freewheel lever while the engine is run- ning.

To ensure proper operation and performance, it is recom- mended that the transmission be purged before operating tractor for the fi rst time. This procedure will remove any trapped air inside the transmission which may have de- veloped during shipping of your tractor.

IMPORTANT: SHOULD YOUR TRANSMISSION REQUIRE REMOVAL FOR SERVICE OR REPLACEMENT, IT SHOULD BE PURGED AFTER REINSTALLATION BEFORE OPERATING THE TRACTOR.

13

OPERATION

Place tractor safely on level surface with engine off and parking brake set.

Disengage transmission by placing freewheel control in freewheeling position (See “TOTRANSPORT” in this section of manual).

Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine. After the engine is running, move throttle control to slow position. With motion control lever in neutral (N) position, slowly dis- engage clutch/brake pedal.

Move motion control lever to full forward position and hold for fi ve (5) seconds. Move lever to full reverse position and hold for fi ve (5) seconds. Repeat this procedure three (3) times.

NOTE: During this procedure there will be no movement of drive wheels. The air is being removed from hydraulic drive system.

Move motion control lever to neutral (N) position. Shut- off engine and set parking brake.

Engage transmission by placing freewheel control in driving position (See “TO TRANSPORT” in this section of manual).

Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine. After the engine is running, move throttle control to half (1/2) speed. With motion control lever in neutral (N) position, slowly disengage clutch/brake pedal.

Slowly move motion control lever forward, after the tractor moves approximately fi ve (5) feet, slowly move motion control lever to reverse position. After the trac- tor moves approximately fi ve (5) feet return the mo- tion control lever to the neutral (N) position. Repeat this procedure with the motion control lever three (3) times.

Your tractor is now purged and now ready for normal operation.

MOWING TIPS

Mower should be properly leveled for best mowing per- formance. See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

The left hand side of mower should be used for trim- ming.

Drive so that clippings are discharged onto the area that has been cut. Have the cut area to the right of the machine. This will result in a more even distribution of clippings and more uniform cutting.

When mowing large areas, start by turning to the right so that clippings will discharge away from shrubs, fences, driveways, etc. After one or two rounds, mow in the opposite direction making left hand turns until fi nished (See Fig. 10).

If grass is extremely tall, it should be mowed twice to reduce load and possible fi re hazard from dried clip- pings. Make fi rst cut relatively high; the second to the desired height.

Do not mow grass when it is wet. Wet grass will plug mower and leave undesirable clumps. Allow grass to dry before mowing.

Always operate engine at full throttle when mow- ing to assure better mowing performance and proper discharge of material. Regulate ground speed by se- lecting a low enough gear to give the mower cutting performance as well as the quality of cut desired.

When operating attachments, select a ground speed that will suit the terrain and give best performance of the attachment being used.

FIG. 10

MULCHING MOWING TIPS

IMPORTANT: FOR BEST PERFORMANCE, KEEP MOWER HOUSING FREE OF BUILT-UP GRASS AND TRASH. CLEAN AFTER EACH USE.

The special mulching blade will recut the grass clip- pings many times and reduce them in size so that as they fall onto the lawn they will disperse into the grass and not be noticed. Also, the mulched grass will biode- grade quickly to provide nutrients for the lawn. Always mulch with your highest engine (blade) speed as this will provide the best recutting action of the blades.

Avoid cutting your lawn when it is wet. Wet grass tends to form clumps and interferes with the mulching action. The best time to mow your lawn is the early afternoon. At this time the grass has dried and the newly cut area will not be exposed to the direct sun.

For best results, adjust the mower cutting height so that the mower cuts off only the top one-third of the grass blades (See Fig.11).For extremely heavy mulch- ing, reduce your width of cut on each pass and mow slowly.

Certain types of grass and grass conditions may require that an area be mulched a second time to completely hide the clippings. When doing a second cut, mow across or perpendicular to the fi rst cut path.

Change your cutting pattern from week to week. Mow north to south one week then change to east to west the next week. This will help prevent matting and graining of the lawn.

MAX 1/3

FIG. 11

14

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

FILL IN DATES

AS YOU COMPLETE

REGULAR SERVICE

 

Check Brake Operation

 

Check Tire Pressure

T

Check Operator Presence and

Interlock Systems

R

Check for Loose Fasteners

A

Sharpen/Replace Mower Blades

C

Lubrication Chart

T

0

Check Battery Level

R

Clean Battery and Terminals

 

Check Transaxle Cooling

 

Check V-Belts

 

Check Engine Oil Level

 

Change Engine Oil (with oil filter)

E

Change Engine Oil (without oil filter)

N

Clean Air Filter

G

Clean Air Screen

I

Inspect Muffler/Spark Arrester

N

E

Replace Oil Filter (If equipped)

 

Clean Engine Cooling Fins

 

Replace Spark Plug

 

Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge

 

Replace Fuel Filter

 

 

HOURS

 

 

URS

STORAGE

USE

 

HOURSHOURS

 

 

EACH 8

25

HO

SEASON

 

50

100

 

BEFOREEVERY EVERY EVERY EVERY EVERYBEFORE

SERVICE DATES

5

3

4

1,2

1,2

2

2

1, 2

2

2

1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures.

2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.

3 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soil. 4 - Not required if equipped with maintenance-free battery. 5 - Tighten front axle pivot bolt to 35 ft.-lbs. maximum.

Do not overtighten.

LUBRICATION CHART

GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS

The warranty on this tractor does not cover items that have been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive full value from the warranty, operator must maintain tractor as instructed in this manual.

Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to properly maintain your tractor.

All adjustments in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual should be checked at least once each season.

Once a year you should replace the spark plug, clean or replace air fi lter, and check blades and belts for wear. A new spark plug and clean air fi lter assure proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better and last longer.

BEFORE EACH USE

SPINDLE

ZERK

FRONT WHEEL

BEARING ZERK

SPINDLE

ZERK

FRONT WHEEL

BEARING ZERK

ENGINE

Check engine oil level.

Check brake operation.

Check tire pressure.

Check operator presence and interlock systems for proper operation.

Check for loose fasteners.

GENERAL PURPOSE GREASE

REFER TO MAINTENANCE “ENGINE” SECTION

IMPORTANT: DO NOT OIL OR GREASE THE PIVOT POINTS WHICH HAVE SPECIAL NYLON BEARINGS. VISCOUS LUBRICANTS WILL ATTRACT DUST AND DIRT THAT WILL SHORTEN THE LIFE OF THE SELF-LUBRICATING BEARINGS. IF YOU FEEL THEY MUST BE LUBRICATED, USE ONLY A DRY, POWDERED GRAPHITE TYPE LUBRICANT SPARINGLY.

15

MAINTENANCE

TRACTOR

Always observe safety rules when performing any main- tenance.

BRAKE OPERATION

If tractor requires more than six (6) feet stopping distance at high speed in highest gear, then brake must be adjusted. (See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual).

TIRES

Maintain proper air pressure in all tires (See“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual).

Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect control chemi- cals which can harm rubber.

Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp objects and other hazards that may cause tire damage.

NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent fl at tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your local parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and corrosion.

OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM

Be sure operator presence and interlock systems are work- ing properly. If your tractor does not function as described, repair the problem immediately.

The engine should not start unless the brake pedal is fully depressed and attachement clutch control is in the disengaged position.

When the engine is running, any attempt by the operator to leave the seat without fi rst setting the parking brake should shut off the engine.

When the engine is running and the attachment clutch is engaged, any attempt by the operator to leave the seat should shut off the engine.

The attachment clutch should never operate unless the operator is in the seat.

BLADE CARE

For best results mower blades must be kept sharp. Replace bent or damaged blades.

BLADE REMOVAL (See Fig. 12)

Raise mower to highest position to allow access to blades.

Remove blade bolt, lock washer and flat washer securing blade.

Install new or resharpened blade with trailing edge up towards deck as shown.

IMPORTANT: TO ENSURE PROPER ASSEMBLY, CENTER HOLE IN BLADE MUST ALIGN WITH STAR ON MANDREL ASSEMBLY.

Reassemble blade bolt, lock washer and fl at washer in exact order as shown.

Tighten blade bolt securely (27-35 Ft. Lbs. torque).

IMPORTANT: BLADE BOLT IS GRADE 8 HEAT TREATED.

TRAILING

STAR

EDGE UP

 

 

BLADE

 

CENTER

 

HOLE

FLAT WASHER

MANDREL

LOCKASSEMBLY WASHER

BLADE BOLT (GRADE 8)*

*A GRADE 8 HEAT TREATED BOLT CAN BE

IDENTIFIED BY SIX LINES ON THE BOLT HEAD.

FIG. 12

TO SHARPEN BLADE (See Fig. 13)

NOTE: We do not recommend sharpening blade - but if you do, be sure the blade is balanced.

Care should be taken to keep the blade balanced. An un- balanced blade will cause excessive vibration and eventual damage to mower and engine.

The blade can be sharpened with a fi le or on a grind- ing wheel. Do not attempt to sharpen while on the mower.

To check blade balance, you will need a 5/8" diameter steel bolt, pin, or a cone balancer. (When using a cone balancer, follow the instructions supplied with balancer).

NOTE: Do not use a nail for balancing blade. The lobes of the center hole may appear to be centered, but are not.

Slide blade on to an unthreaded portion of the steel bolt or pin and hold the bolt or pin parallel with the ground. If blade is balanced, it should remain in a horizontal position. If either end of the blade moves downward, sharpen the heavy end until the blade is balanced.

 

CENTER HOLE

5/8" BOLT

BLADE

OR PIN

 

FIG. 13

BATTERY

Your tractor has a battery charging system which is sufficient for normal use. However, periodic charging of the battery with an automotive charger will extend its life.

Keep battery and terminals clean.

Keep battery bolts tight.

Keep small vent holes open.

Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.

NOTE: The original equipment battery on your tractor is maintenance free. Do not attempt to open or remove caps or covers. Adding or checking level of electrolyte is not necessary.

16

MAINTENANCE

TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS

Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can cause the battery to “leak” power.

Remove terminal guard.

Disconnect BLACK battery cable fi rst then RED bat- tery cable and remove battery from tractor.

Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.

Clean terminals and battery cable ends with wire brush until bright.

Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.

Reinstall battery (See “CONNECT BATTERY” in the Assembly section of this manual).

V-BELTS

Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after 100 hours of operation and replace if necessary. The belts are not adjustable. Replace belts if they begin to slip from wear.

TRANSAXLE COOLING

The transmission fan and cooling fi ns should be kept clean to assure proper cooling.

Do not attempt to clean fan or transmission while engine is running or while the transmission is hot. To prevent pos- sible damage to seals, do not use high pressure water or steam to clean transaxle.

Inspect cooling fan to be sure fan blades are intact and clean.

Inspect cooling fi ns for dirt, grass clippings and other materials. To prevent damage to seals, do not use compressed air or high pressure sprayer to clean cool- ing fi ns.

TRANSAXLE PUMP FLUID

The transaxle was sealed at the factory and fl uid mainte- nance is not required for the life of the transaxle. Should the transaxle ever leak or require servicing, contact your nearest authorized service center/department.

ENGINE

LUBRICATION

Only use high quality detergent oil rated with API service classifi cation SF-SJ. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade according to your expected operating temperature. When operating in temperatures below 0º F (-18º C) synthetic oil must be used.

SAE VISCOSITY GRADES

**30

 

 

5W-30, 10W-30

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

Synthetic 5W-30, 10W-30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F -20

0

20

32 40

60

 

80

100

C -30

-20

-10

0

 

10

20

30

40

STARTING TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE

FIG. 14

*CAUTION: Air cooled engines run hotter than automo- tive engines. The use of non-synthetic multi-viscosity oils (5W30, 10W30 etc.) in temperatures above 40º F (4º C) will result in higher than normal oil consumption.When using a multi-viscosity oil, check oil level more frequently.

**CAUTION: SAE 30 oil, if used below 40º F (4º C), will result in hard starting and possible engine bore damage due to inadequate lubrication.

 

 

P

 

 

 

VIC

 

F

NOTE: Synthetic oil meeting ILSAC GF-2, API

 

 

 

 

 

ER E

SJ

 

 

 

 

 

 

I

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/

 

 

 

A

 

 

 

 

SAE

 

 

G

certification mark and API service symbol (shown

N

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

5W-30

 

I N

 

at left) with "SJ/CF ENERGY CONSERVING" or

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

V

 

 

 

 

 

G

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Y CONSE

 

 

higher, is an acceptable oil at all temperatures.

 

 

 

N

 

 

TOLE

S

 

 

 

 

 

PE UM

 

 

 

 

A

 

 

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

C

 

 

 

 

 

 

N

 

Use of synthetic oil does not alter required

 

 

 

ENGINES

I

A

 

 

E

RI

 

 

 

 

 

FOR

 

T

 

E

 

GASOLINE

 

U

 

M

 

T

oil change intervals.

 

 

 

 

C

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ERTIFIE

 

 

 

Change the oil after every 25 hours of operation or at least once a year if the tractor is not used for 25 hours in one year.

Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine and after each eight (8) hours of operation. Tighten oil fi ll cap/dipstick securely each time you check the oil level.

TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Figs. 14 and 15)

Determine temperature range expected before oil change. All oil must meet API service classifi cation SF-SJ.

Be sure tractor is on level surface.

Oil will drain more freely when warm.

Catch oil in a suitable container.

Remove oil fi ll cap/dipstick. Be careful not to allow dirt to enter the engine when changing oil.

Remove yellow cap from end of drain valve and install the drain tube onto the fi tting.

 

OIL DRAIN VALVE

CLOSED AND

 

LOCKED POSI-

 

TION

 

YELLOW

DRAIN

CAP

TUBE

 

FIG. 15

Unlock drain valve by pushing inward and turning counterclockwise.

To open, pull out on the drain valve.

After oil has drained completely, close and lock the drain valve by pushing inward and turning clockwise until the pin is in the locked position as shown.

Remove the drain tube and replace the cap onto to the bottom fi tting of the drain valve.

Refi ll engine with oil through oil fi ll dipstick tube. Pour slowly. Do not overfi ll. For approximate capacity see “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this man- ual.

Use gauge on oil fi ll cap/dipstick for checking level. Be sure dipstick cap is tightened securely for accurate

reading. Keep oil at “FULL” line on dipstick.

17

MAINTENANCE

CLEAN AIR SCREEN

Air screen must be kept free of dirt and chaff to prevent engine damage from overheating. Clean with a wire brush or compressed air to remove dirt and stubborn dried gum fi bers.

CLEAN AIR INTAKE/COOLING AREAS

To insure proper cooling, make sure the grass screen, cooling fi ns, and other external surfaces of the engine are kept clean at all times.

Every 100 hours of operation (more often under extremely dusty, dirty conditions), remove the blower housing and other cooling shrouds. Clean the cooling fi ns and external surfaces as necessary. Make sure the cooling shrouds are reinstalled.

NOTE: Operating the engine with a blocked grass screen, dirty or plugged cooling fins, and/or cooling shrouds removed will cause engine damage due to overheating.

AIR FILTER (See Fig. 16)

Your engine will not run properly using a dirty air fi lter. Clean the foam pre-cleaner after every 25 hours of operation or every season. Service paper cartridge every 100 hours of operation or every season, whichever occurs fi rst.

Service air cleaner more often under dusty conditions.

Remove knobs and cover.

TO SERVICE PRE-CLEANER

Wash it in liquid detergent and water.

Squeeze it dry in a clean cloth.

Saturate it in engine oil. Wrap it in clean, absorbent cloth and squeeze to remove excess oil.

If very dirty or damaged, replace pre-cleaner.

TO SERVICE CARTRIDGE

Clean cartridge by tapping gently on fl at surface. If very dirty or damaged, replace cartridge.

Reinstall precleaner cartridge, cover and secure with knobs.

IMPORTANT: PETROLEUM SOLVENTS, SUCH AS KEROSENE, ARE NOT TO BE USED TO CLEAN THE CARTRIDGE. THEY MAY CAUSE DETERIORATION OF THE CARTRIDGE. DO NOT OIL CARTRIDGE. DO NOT USE PRESSURIZED AIRTO CLEAN OR DRY CARTRIDGE.

KNOBS

CARTRIDGE

COVER

FOAM

PRE-CLEANER

FIG. 16

MUFFLER

Inspect and replace corroded muffl er and spark arrester (if equipped) as it could create a fi re hazard and/or dam- age.

SPARK PLUGS

Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each mowing season or after every 100 hours of operation, whichever occurs fi rst. Spark plug type and gap setting are shown in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual.

IN-LINE FUEL FILTER (See Fig. 17)

The fuel fi lter should be replaced once each season. If fuel

lter becomes clogged, obstructing fuel fl ow to carburetor, replacement is required.

With engine cool, remove fi lter and plug fuel line sec- tions.

Place new fuel fi lter in position in fuel line with arrow pointing towards carburetor.

Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and clamps are properly positioned.

Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.

CLAMP

CLAMP

FUEL

FILTER

FIG. 17

CLEANING

Clean engine, battery, seat, fi nish, etc. of all foreign matter.

Keep fi nished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline, oil, etc.

Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.

We do not recommend using a garden hose or pressure washer to clean your tractor unless the engine and trans- mission are covered to keep water out. Water in engine or transmission will shorten the useful life of your tractor. Use compressed air or a leaf blower to remove grass, leaves and trash from tractor and mower.

18

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

WARNING: TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE OR ADJUST- MENTS:

Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.

Place motion control lever in neutral (N) position.

Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.

Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.

Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.

Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come in contact with plug.

TRACTOR

TO REMOVE MOWER (See Fig. 18)

Mower will be easier to remove from the right side of trac- tor.

Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.

Move attachment lift lever forward to lower mower to its lowest position.

Roll belt off engine pulley.

Remove small retainer spring, and remove clutch spring off pulley bolt.

Remove large retainer spring, slide collar off and push housing guide out of bracket.

Disconnect anti-swaybar from chassis bracket by re- moving retainer spring.

Disconnect suspension arms from rear deck brackets by removing retainer springs.

Disconnect front links from deck by removing retainer springs.

Raise lift lever to raise suspension arms. Slide mower out from under tractor.

SMALL RETAINER SPRING

CLUTCH SPRING

FLAT WASHER

SMALL RETAINER SPRING

CLUTCH SPRING

RETAINER SPRING

ANTI-SWAY BAR

COLLAR

IMPORTANT: IF AN ATTACHMENT OTHER THAN THE MOWER DECK IS TO BE MOUNTED ON THE TRAC- TOR, REMOVE THE FRONT LINKS AND HOOK THE CLUTCH SPRING INTO SQUARE HOLE IN FRAME.

TO INSTALL MOWER (See Fig. 18)

Raise attachment lift lever to its highest position.

Slide mower under tractor with defl ector shield to right side of tractor.

Lower lift lever to its lowest position.

Connect front links to mower deck and secure with retainer springs..

Connect suspension arms to rear deck brackets and secure with retainer springs.

Connect anti-swaybar to chassis bracket and secure with retainer spring.

Push clutch cable housing guide into bracket, slide col- lar onto guide and secure with large retainer spring.

Place fl at washer and clutch spring on idler pulley bolt and secure with small retainer spring.

Install belt onto engine pulley.

 

SQUARE HOLE

SUSPENSION

ENGINE PULLEY

ARMS

 

 

FRONT LINK

RETAINER SPRINGS (BOTH SIDES)

 

LARGE

 

 

HOUSING GUIDE

RETAINER

BRACKET

 

SPRING

DEFLECTOR SHIELD

 

 

 

FIG. 18

 

19

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING

Adjust the mower while tractor is parked on level ground or driveway. Make sure tires are properly infl ated (See “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual). If tires are over or underinfl ated, you will not properly adjust your mower.

SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 19 and 20)

Raise mower to its highest position.

At the midpoint of both sides of mower, measure height from bottom edge of mower to ground. Distance “A” on both sides of mower should be the same or within 1/4" of each other.

If adjustment is necessary, make adjustment on one side of mower only.

To raise one side of mower, tighten lift link adjustment nut on that side.

To lower one side of mower, loosen lift link adjustment nut on that side.

NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut will change mower height about 1/8".

Recheck measurements after adjusting.

BOTTOM EDGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOTTOM EDGE

OF MOWER TO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OF MOWER TO

GROUND

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GROUND

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A

GROUND LINE

A

 

 

FIG. 19

SUSPENSION

ARM

LIFT LINK ADJUSTMENT NUT

FIG. 20

FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 21 and 22)

IMPORTANT: DECK MUST BE LEVEL SIDE-TO-SIDE. IF THE FOLLOWING FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT IS NECESSARY, BE SURE TO ADJUST BOTH FRONT LINKS EQUALLY SO MOWER WILL STAY LEVEL SIDE-TO-SIDE.

To obtain the best cutting results, the mower housing should be adjusted so that the front is approximately 1/8" to 1/2" lower than the rear when the mower is in its high- est position.

Check adjustment on right side of tractor. Measure distance “D” directly in front and behind the mandrel at bottom edge of mower housing as shown.

Before making any necessary adjustments, check that both front links are equal in length.

If links are not equal in length, adjust one link to same length as other link.

To lower front of mower loosen nut “E” on both front links an equal number of turns.

When distance “D” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than rear, tighten nuts “F” against trunnion on both front links.

To raise front of mower, loosen nut “F” from trunnion on both front links. Tighten nut “E” on both front links an equal number of turns.The two front links must remain equal in length.

When distance “D”is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than rear, tighten nut “F” against trunnion on both front links.

Recheck side-to-side adjustment.

MANDREL

“D”

“D”

FIG. 21

BOTH FRONT LINKS MUST BE EQUAL IN LENGTH

NUT “E”

NUT “F”

FRONT

LINKSTRUNNION

FIG. 22

TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE DRIVE BELT (See Fig. 23)

The mower blade drive belt may be replaced without tools. Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.

BELT REMOVAL -

Remove mower from tractor (See “TO REMOVE MOWER” in this section of this manual).

Work belt off both mandrel pulleys and idler pulleys.

Pull belt away from mower.

BELT INSTALLATION -

Install new belt in reverse order of removal.

Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and inside all belt guides.

Install mower in reverse order of removal instruc- tions.

20

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

IDLER PULLEYS

MANDREL

PULLEYS

FIG. 23

TO CHECK AND ADJUST BRAKE (See Fig. 24)

Your tractor is equipped with an adjustable brake system which is mounted on the right side of the transaxle.

If tractor requires more than fi ve (5) feet to stop at highest speed in highest gear on a level, dry concrete or paved surface, then brake must be checked and adjusted.

TO CHECK BRAKE

Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or paved surface, depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and en- gage parking brake.

Disengage transmission by placing freewhel control in “transmission disengaged” position. Pull freewheel control out and into the slot and release so it is held in the disengaged position.

The rear wheels must lock and skid when you try to manually push the tractor forward. If the rear wheels rotate, the brake needs to be adjusted or the pads need to be replaced.

TO ADJUST BRAKE

Depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and en- gage parking brake.

Measure distance between brake operating arm and nut “A” on brake rod.

If distance is other than 1-9/16", loosen jam nut and turn nut “A” until distance becomes 1-9/16". Retighten jam nut against nut “A”.

Engage transmission by placing freewheel control in “transmission engaged” position.

Road test tractor for proper stopping distance as stated above. Readjust if necessary. If stopping distance is still greater than fi ve (5) feet in highest gear, further maintenance is necessary. Replace brake pads or contact a qualifi ed service center.

WITH PARKING BRAKE “ENGAGED”

1-9/16”

NUT “A”

JAM NUT

OPERATING

ARM

DO NOT TOUCH THIS NUT. IF FURTHER BRAKE ADJUSTMENT IS NECESSARY CONTACT YOUR NEAREST AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/DEPARTMENT.

FIG. 24

TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT (See Fig. 25)

Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake. For assistance, there is a belt installation guide decal on bottom side of left footrest.

BELT REMOVAL -

Remove mower (See “TO REMOVE MOWER” in this section of manual).

NOTE: Observe entire motion drive belt and position of all belt guides and keepers.

Remove belt from stationary idler and clutching idler.

Remove belt downward from around engine pulley.

Pull belt slack toward rear of tractor. Carefully remove belt upwards from transmission input pulley and over cooling fan blades.

Remove belt from center span keeper and pull belt away from tractor.

BELT INSTALLATION -

Carefully work new belt down around transmission cooling fan and onto the input pulley.

Slide belt into the center span keeper.

Pull belt toward front of tractor and roll around the top groove of engine pulley.

Install belt through stationary idler and clutching idler.

Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and inside all belt guides and keepers.

Install mower (See “TO INSTALL MOWER” in this sec- tion of manual).

ENGINE

PULLEY

CLUTCHING

IDLER

STATIONARY

IDLER

TRANSMISSION

INPUT PULLEYCENTER SPAN KEEPER

FIG. 25

TRANSAXLE MOTION CONTROL LEVER NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT(See Fig. 26)

The motion control lever has been preset at the factory and adjustment should not be necessary.

Loosen adjustment bolt in front of the right rear wheel, and lightly tighten.

Start engine and move motion control lever until tractor does not move forward or backward.

Hold motion control lever in that position and turn engine off.

21

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

While holding motion control lever in place, loosen the adjustment bolt.

Move motion control lever to the neutral (N) (lock gate) position.

Tighten adjustment bolt securely.

NOTE: If additional clearance is needed to get to adjustment bolt, move mower deck height to the lowest position.

After above adjustment is made, if the tractor still creeps forward or backward while motion control lever is in neutral position, follow these steps:

Loosen the adjustment bolt.

Move the motion control lever 1/4 to 1/2 inch in the direction it is trying to creep.

Tighten adjustment bolt securely.

Start engine and test.

If tractor still creeps, repeat above steps until satis- fi ed.

MOTION CONTROL

LEVER

NEUTRAL

LOCK GATE

ADJUSTMENT

BOLT

FIG. 26

TRANSMISSION REMOVAL/REPLACEMENT

Should your transmission require removal for service or replacement, it should be purged after reinstallation and before operating the tractor. See“PURGETRANSMISSION” in the Operation section of this manual.

TO ADJUST STEERING WHEEL ALIGN- MENT

If steering wheel crossbars are not horizontal (left to right) when wheels are positioned straight forward, remove steer- ing wheel and reassemble per instructions in the Assembly section of this manual.

FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/CAMBER

The front wheel toe-in and camber are not adjustable on your tractor. If damage has occurred to affect the front wheel toe-in or camber, contact your nearest authorized service center/department.

TO REMOVE WHEEL FOR REPAIRS (See Fig. 27)

NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent fl at tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your local parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and corrosion.

WASHERS

RETAINING

RING

AXLE

COVER

SQUARE KEY

(REAR WHEEL ONLY)

FIG. 27

TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK BATTERY

WARNING: Lead-acid batteries gen- erate explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame and smoking materials away from batteries. Always wear eye protection when around batteries.

If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should be recharged. (See "BATTERY" in the Maintenance section of this manual).

If “jumper cables” are used for emergency starting, follow this procedure:

IMPORTANT: YOUR TRACTOR IS EQUIPPED WITH A 12 VOLT SYSTEM. THE OTHER VEHICLE MUST ALSO BE A 12 VOLT SYSTEM. DO NOT USE YOUR TRACTOR BATTERY TO START OTHER VEHICLES.

TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES -

Connect one end of the RED cable to the POSITIVE

(+)terminal of each battery(A-B), taking care not to short against tractor chassis.

Connect one end of the BLACK cable to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal (C) of fully charged battery.

Connect the other end of the BLACK cable (D) to good chassis ground, away from fuel tank and battery.

TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE ORDER -

BLACK cable fi rst from chassis and then from the fully charged battery.

RED cable last from both batteries.

• Block up axle securely.

• Remove axle cover, retaining ring and washers to allow

wheel removal (rear wheel contains a square key - Do

not lose).

• Repair tire and reassemble.

• On rear wheels only: align grooves in rear wheel hub

and axle. Insert square key.

• Replace washers and snap retaining ring securely in

axle groove.

• Replace axle cover.

WEAK OR DEAD BATTERY

FULLY CHARGED

BATTERY

FIG. 28

22

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB

Raise hood.

Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the backside of the grill.

Replace bulb in holder and push bulb holder securely back into the hole in the backside of the grill.

Close hood.

INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS

Loose or damaged wiring may cause your tractor to run poorly, stop running, or prevent it from starting.

Check wiring.See electrical wiring diagram in the Repair Parts section.

TO REPLACE FUSE

Replace with 20 amp automotive-type plug-in fuse. The fuse holder is located behind the dash.

TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL ASSEMBLY (See Fig. 29)

Raise hood.

Unsnap headlight wire connector.

Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at sides, tilt toward engine and lift off of tractor.

To replace, reverse above procedure.

HOOD

HEADLIGHT

WIRE

CONNECTOR

FIG. 29

ENGINE

Maintenance, repair, or replacement of the emission con- trol devices and systems, which are being done at the customers expense, may be performed by any non-road engine repair establishment or individual.Warranty repairs must be performed by an authorized engine manufacturer's service outlet.

TO ADJUST THROTTLE CONTROL CABLE (See Fig. 30)

The throttle control has been preset at the factory and adjustment should not be necessary. Check adjustment as described below before loosening cable. If adjustment is necessary, proceed as follows:

• With engine not running, move throttle control lever to fast position.

• Check that swivel is against stop. If it is not, loosen cable clamp screw and pull cable back until swivel is against stop. Tighten cable clamp screw securely.

23

TO ADJUST CHOKE CONTROL (See Fig. 31)

The choke control has been preset at the factory and ad- justment should not be necessary. Check adjustment as described below before loosening cable. If adjustment is necessary, proceed as follows:

With engine not running, move choke control (located on dash panel) to full choke position.

Loosen knob and remove cover assembly from air cleaner.

Choke should be closed.If it is not, loosen casing clamp screw and move choke cable until choke is completely closed. Tighten casing clamp screw securely.

Replace air cleaner cover assembly and tighten knob.

TO ADJUST CARBURETOR

Your carburetor is not adjustable. If your engine does not operate properly due to suspected carburetor problems, take your tractor to an authorized service center for repair and/or adjustment.

High speed stop is factory adjusted. Do not adjust - dam- age may result.

IMPORTANT:NEVERTAMPERWITHTHEENGINEGOVERNOR, WHICH IS FACTORY SET FOR PROPER ENGINE SPEED. OVERSPEEDING THE ENGINE ABOVE THE FACTORY HIGH SPEED SETTING CAN BE DANGEROUS. IF YOU THINK THE ENGINE-GOVERNED HIGH SPEED NEEDS ADJUSTING, CONTACTYOUR NEAREST AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/ DEPARTMENT, WHICH HAS PROPER EQUIPMENT AND EXPERIENCE TO MAKE ANY NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS.

STOP

SWIVEL

CLAMP

 

SCREW

FIG. 30

CLAMP SCREW

FIG. 31

STORAGE

Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end of the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days or more.

WARNING: Never store the tractor with gasoline in the tank inside a building where fumes may reach an open flame or spark. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any enclosure.

TRACTOR

Remove mower from tractor for winter storage. When mower is to be stored for a period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a clean, dry area.

Clean entire tractor (See “CLEANING” in the Mainte- nance section of this manual).

Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt re- placement instructions in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual).

Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this manual.

Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage and wear. Replace if necessary.

Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand lightly before painting.

BATTERY

Fully charge the battery for storage.

After a period of time in storage, battery may require recharging.

To help prevent corrosion and power leakage during long periods of storage, battery cables should be dis- connected and battery cleaned thoroughly (see “TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS” in the Mainte- nance section of this manual).

After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place cables where they cannot come in contact with battery terminals.

If battery is removed from tractor for storage, do not store battery directly on concrete or damp surfaces.

ENGINE

FUEL SYSTEM

IMPORTANT: IT IS IMPORTANTTO PREVENT GUM DEPOSITS FROM FORMING IN ESSENTIAL FUEL SYSTEM PARTS SUCH AS CARBURETOR, FUEL FILTER, FUEL HOSE, OR TANK DURING STORAGE. ALSO, EXPERIENCE INDICATES THAT ALCOHOL BLENDED FUELS (CALLED GASOHOL OR USING ETHANOL OR METHANOL) CAN ATTRACT MOISTUREWHICH LEADSTO SEPARATION AND FORMATION OF ACIDS DURING STORAGE. ACIDIC GAS CAN DAMAGE THE FUEL SYSTEM OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE.

Drain the fuel tank.

Start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty.

Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.

Use fresh fuel next season.

NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in mini- mizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage. Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container. Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer container. Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not drain the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.

ENGINE OIL

Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean en- gine oil. (See “ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of this manual).

CYLINDER(S)

Remove spark plug(s).

Pour one ounce of oil through spark plug hole(s) into cylinder(s).

Turn ignition key to “START” position for a few seconds to distribute oil.

Replace with new spark plug(s).

OTHER

Do not store gasoline from one season to another.

Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems.

If possible, store your tractor indoors and cover it to give protection from dust and dirt.

Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and will cause your tractor to rust.

IMPORTANT: NEVER COVERTRACTORWHILE ENGINE AND EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM.

24

TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS

PROBLEM

CAUSE

 

CORRECTION

 

 

 

 

 

Will not start

1.

Out of fuel.

1.

Fill fuel tank.

 

2.

Engine not “CHOKED” properly.

2.

See “TO START ENGINE” in Operation section.

 

3.

Engine fl ooded.

3.

Wait several minutes before attempting to start.

 

4.

Bad spark plug.

4.

Replace spark plug.

 

5.

Dirty air fi lter.

5.

Clean/replace air fi lter.

 

6.

Dirty fuel fi lter.

6.

Replace fuel fi lter.

 

7.

Water in fuel.

7.

Drain fuel tank and carburetor, refi ll tank with fresh

 

 

 

 

gasoline and replace fuel fi lter.

 

8.

Loose or damaged wiring.

8.

Check all wiring.

 

9.

Carburetor out of adjustment.

9.

See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments

 

 

 

 

section.

 

10.

Engine valves out of adjustment.

10.

Contact an authorized service center/department.

 

 

 

 

 

Hard to start

1.

Dirty air fi lter.

1.

Clean/replace air fi lter.

 

2.

Bad spark plug.

2.

Replace spark plug.

 

3.

Weak or dead battery.

3.

Recharge or replace battery.

 

4.

Dirty fuel fi lter.

4.

Replace fuel fi lter.

 

5.

Stale or dirty fuel.

5.

Drain fuel tank and refi ll with fresh gasoline.

 

6.

Loose or damaged wiring.

6.

Check all wiring.

 

7.

Carburetor out of adjustment.

7.

See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments

 

 

 

 

section.

 

8.

Engine valves out of adjustment.

8.

Contact an authorized service center/department.

 

 

 

 

 

Engine will not turn over

1.

Clutch/brake pedal not depressed.

1.

Depress clutch/brake pedal.

 

2.

Attachment clutch is engaged.

2.

Disengage attachment clutch.

 

3.

Weak or dead battery.

3.

Recharge or replace battery.

 

4.

Blown fuse.

4.

Replace fuse.

 

5.

Corroded battery terminals.

5.

Clean battery terminals.

 

6.

Loose or damaged wiring.

6.

Check all wiring.

 

7.

Faulty ignition switch.

7.

Check/replace ignition switch.

 

8.

Faulty solenoid or starter.

8.

Check/replace solenoid or starter.

 

9.

Faulty operator presence switch(es).

9.

Contact an authorized service center/department.

 

 

 

 

 

Engine clicks but will not

1.

Weak or dead battery.

1.

Recharge or replace battery.

start

2.

Corroded battery terminals.

2.

Clean battery terminals.

 

3.

Loose or damaged wiring.

3.

Check all wiring.

 

4.

Faulty solenoid or starter.

4.

Check/replace solenoid or starter.

 

 

 

 

 

Loss of power

1.

Cutting too much grass/too fast.

1.

Set in “Higher Cut” position/reduce speed.

 

2.

Throttle in “CHOKE” position.

2.

Adjust throttle control.

 

3.

Build-up of grass, leaves and trash under mower.

3.

Clean underside of mower housing.

 

4.

Dirty air fi lter.

4.

Clean/replace air fi lter.

 

5.

Low oil level/dirty oil.

5.

Check oil level/change oil.

 

6.

Faulty spark plug.

6.

Clean and regap or change spark plug.

 

7.

Dirty fuel fi lter.

7.

Replace fuel fi lter.

 

8.

Stale or dirty fuel.

8.

Drain fuel tank and refi ll with fresh gasoline.

 

9.

Water in fuel.

9.

Drain fuel tank and carburetor, refi ll tank with fresh

 

 

 

 

gasoline and replace fuel fi lter.

 

10.

Spark plug wire loose.

10.

Connect and tighten spark plug wire.

 

11.

Dirty engine air screen/fi ns.

11.

Clean engine air screen/fi ns.

 

12.

Dirty/clogged muffl er.

12.

Clean/replace muffl er.

 

13.

Loose or damaged wiring.

13.

Check all wiring.

 

14.

Carburetor out of adjustment.

14.

See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments

 

 

 

 

section.

 

15.

Engine valves out of adjustment.

15.

Contact an authorized service center/department.

 

 

 

 

 

Excessive vibration

1.

Worn, bent or loose blade.

1.

Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.

 

2.

Bent blade mandrel.

2.

Replace blade mandrel.

 

3.

Loose/damaged part(s).

3.

Tighten loose part(s). Replace damaged parts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS

PROBLEM

CAUSE

 

CORRECTION

Engine continues to run

1.

Faulty operator-safety presence control system.

1.

Check wiring, switches and connections. If not

when operator leaves

 

 

 

corrected, contact an authorized service center/

seat with attachment

 

 

 

department.

clutch engaged

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poor cut - uneven

1.

Worn, bent or loose blade.

1.

Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.

 

2.

Mower deck not level.

2.

Level mower deck.

 

3.

Buildup of grass, leaves, and trash under mower.

3.

Clean underside of mower housing.

 

4.

Bent blade mandrel.

4.

Replace blade mandrel.

 

5.

Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of

5.

Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.

 

 

grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mower blades will not

1.

Obstruction in clutch mechanism.

1.

Remove obstruction.

rotate

2.

Worn/damaged mower drive belt.

2.

Replace mower drive belt.

 

3.

Frozen idler pulley.

3.

Replace idler pulley.

 

4.

Frozen blade mandrel.

4.

Replace blade mandrel.

 

 

 

 

 

Poor grass discharge

1.

Engine speed too slow.

1.

Place throttle control in “FAST” position.

 

2.

Travel speed too fast.

2.

Shift to slower speed.

 

3.

Wet grass.

3.

Allow grass to dry before mowing.

 

4.

Mower deck not level.

4.

Level mower deck.

 

5.

Low/uneven tire air pressure.

5.

Check tires for proper air pressure.

 

6.

Worn, bent or loose blade.

6.

Replace/sharpen blade. Tighten blade bolt.

 

7.

Buildup of grass, leaves and trash under mower.

7.

Clean underside of mower housing.

 

8.

Mower drive belt worn.

8.

Replace mower drive belt.

 

9.

Blades improperly installed.

9.

Reinstall blades sharp edge down.

 

10.

Improper blades used.

10.

Replace with blades listed in this manual.

 

11.

Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of

11.

Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.

 

 

grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Headlight(s) not working

1.

Switch is “OFF”.

1.

Turn switch “ON”.

(if so equipped)

2.

Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out.

2.

Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).

 

3.

Faulty light switch.

3.

Check/replace light switch.

 

4.

Loose or damaged wiring.

4.

Check wiring and connections.

 

5.

Blown fuse.

5.

Replace fuse.

 

 

 

 

 

Battery will not charge

1.

Bad battery cell(s).

1.

Replace battery.

 

2.

Poor cable connections.

2.

Check/clean all connections.

 

3.

Faulty regulator (if so equipped).

3.

Replace regulator.

 

4.

Faulty alternator.

4.

Replace alternator.

 

 

 

 

 

Loss of drive

1.

Freewheel control in “disengaged” position.

1.

Place freewheel control in “engaged” position.

 

2.

Motion drive belt worn, damaged, or broken.

2.

Replace motion drive belt.

 

3.

Air trapped in transmission during shipment

3.

Purge transmission.

 

 

or servicing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Engine “backfires”

1.

Engine throttle control not set at “SLOW”

1.

Move throttle control to “SLOW” position and allow

when turning engine

 

position for 30 seconds before stopping engine.

 

to idle for 30 seconds before stopping engine.

“OFF”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26

TRACTOR - - MODEL NUMBER 944.602892

SCHEMATIC

RED

BLACK

BATTERY

 

A

RED

 

 

 

 

AMMETER

 

FUSE

 

 

(OPTIONAL)

 

 

 

WHITE

 

RED

B

S

 

 

M

CLUTCH / BRAKE

 

G

 

 

A1

(PEDAL UP)

 

L

A2

 

BLACK

IGNITION

 

SWITCH

 

 

 

 

 

 

BLACK

 

 

 

BLACK

 

 

 

HOUR

 

 

 

METER

 

 

 

(OPTIONAL)

 

 

 

FUEL

 

 

BLUE

LINE

 

 

RED

M

 

 

 

 

 

 

STARTER

 

 

 

BLACK

 

SOLENOID

 

 

 

WHITE

 

 

 

 

 

SEAT SWITCH

 

 

 

(NOT OCCUPIED)

WHITE

 

 

 

 

BLACK

BLACK

 

ATT'MENT CLUTCH

 

GROUNDING

BLACK

(CLUTCH OFF)

 

 

CONNECTOR

 

 

 

 

 

 

SPARK

BLACK

IGNITION

 

PLUG

 

UNIT

 

GAP

 

 

(2 PLUGS ON

 

 

 

 

 

 

TWIN CYL. ENGINES)

CHARGING SYSTEM OUTPUT

28 VOLTS AC MIN. @ 3600 RPM

3 AMP DC @ 3600 RPM

(CHARGING SYSTEM DISCONNECTED)

FUEL SHUT-OFF SOLENOID

RED

 

(IF SO EQUIPPED)

 

 

LIGHTING SYSTEM OUTPUT

DIODE

ALTERNATOR

ORANGE

5 AMP AC @ 3600 RPM

 

 

14 VOLTS AC MIN. @ 3600 RPM (LIGHTS OFF)

IGNITION SWITCH

POSITION

CIRCUIT

“MAKE”

 

 

 

OFF

M+G+A1

NONE

RUN/LIGHT

B+A1

A2+L

NOTE

YOUR TRACTOR IS EQUIPPED WITH A SPECIAL ALTERNATOR SYSTEM. THE LIGHTS ARE NOT CONNECTED TO THE BATTERY, BUT HAVE THEIR OWN ELECTRICAL SOURCE. BECAUSE OF THIS, THE BRIGHTNESS OF THE LIGHTS WILL CHANGE WITH ENGINE SPEED. AT IDLE THE LIGHTS WILL DIM. AS THE ENGINE IS SPEEDED UP, THE LIGHTS

WILL BECOME THEIR BRIGHTEST.

WIRING INSULATED CLIPS

BROWN

BLACK

HEADLIGHTS

NON-REMOVABLE

CONNECTIONS

REMOVABLE

CONNECTIONS

RUN

B+A1

NONE

START

B + S + A1

NONE

NOTE: IF WIRING INSULATED CLIPS WERE REMOVED FOR SERVICING OF UNIT, THEY SHOULD BE REPLACED TO PROPERLY SECURE YOUR WIRING.

27

REPAIR PARTS

TRACTOR - - MODEL NUMBER 944.602892

ELECTRICAL

22

21

42

2441

43

27

 

27

26

40

 

27

27

 

 

 

25

16

16

33

30

10

11

12

2

52

4529

27

28

55

1

8

12

28

REPAIR PARTS

TRACTOR - - MODEL NUMBER 944.602892

ELECTRICAL

KEY PART

NO. NO. DESCRIPTION

1163465 Battery 12 Volt 28 Amp

274760412 Bolt Hex Hd 1/4-20unc X 3/4

8

7603J

Tray Battery

10145211 Bolt Btr Frt 1/4-20 x 7.5 Zinc

11150109 Holddown Battery Mount

12145769 Nut Push Nylon 1/4" Battery Frt

16

176138

Switch Interlock

21175688 Harness Asm Light W/4152J

224152J Bulb Light #1156

244799J Cable Battery 6 Ga 11"red

25146148 Cable Battery 6 Ga w/16 ire,red

26 175158 Fuse

2773510400 Nut Keps Hex 1/4-20 Unc

28145491 Cable Ground 6 Ga 21" black

29121305X Switch Plunger Nc Gray

30

175566

Switch Ign 3

33

140403

Key Ign

40

179720

Harness Ign

4171110408 Bolt Blk Fin Hex 1/4-20unc X 1/2

42131563 Cover Terminal Red

43

178861

Solenoid

45

121433X

Ammeter

52

141940

Protection Wire Loop (Hourmeter)

55

17490508

Screw Thdrol 5/16-18 x 1/2

NOTE: All component dimensions give in U.S. inches 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

29

REPAIR PARTS

TRACTOR - - MODEL NUMBER 944.602892

CHASSIS AND ENCLOSURES

29

212

17

28

159

10

39

18

10

30

31

209

5

5

58 166

208

209

11

9

207

144

26

209

208

219

20

23

64

219

1

13

3

60

3

3

142

 

2

2063

26

143

142

3

3

74

38

3

14

144 26

60

 

26

37

145

 

37

208

38 14

30

REPAIR PARTS

TRACTOR - - MODEL NUMBER 944.602892

CHASSIS AND ENCLOSURES

KEY PART

NO. NO. DESCRIPTION

1174619 Chassis Stl Stamping

2176554 Drawbar, Stretch

317060612 Screw 3/8-16x3/4

5

155272

Bumper Hood/Dash

9168337X011 Dash P/L

10STD533710 Bolt Carriage 3/8-16 x 1

11174996 Panel Dash Lh

13172105X010 Panel Dash Rh

1417490608 Screw Thdrol 3/8-16 x 1/2

17185682X558 Hood

18

184921

Bumper Hood

20

180679

Plate Mtg. Battery Fuel Tank

23

124028X

Bushing

26

STD541437

Nut Lock Hex W/Ins 3/8-16 Unc

28

175049

Grille/Lens Asm

29174332X599 Lens

30175692X558 Fender Footrest STLT Pnt

31139976 Bracket Support Fender

3717490508 Screw Thdrol 5/16-18 X1/2

38175710 Bracket Asm. Pivot Mower Rear

39174714 Bracket Pivot Laser LT

58

174930

Air Duct P/L

60

STD533707

Bolt Rdhd Sqnk 3/8-16unc x 3/4

64

154798

Dash Lower STLT

74

STD541437

Nut Crownlock 3/8-16 Unc

142

175702

Plate Reinforcement STLT

143

154966

Bracket Swaybar Chassis

144175582 Bracket Pnt Footrest STLT

145156524 Rod Pivot Chassis/Hood

159155123X428 Cupholder

166 171875

Screw HWHD Hi-Lo #13-16 x 3/4

206170165 Bolt Shoulder 5/16-18 TT

20717670508 Screw Thdrol 5/16-18 x 1/2

20817670608 Screw Thdrol 3/8-16 x 1/2

20917000612 Screw Hex Wsh Thdr. 3/8-16 x 3/4

212

175143

Insert Lens Refl ective

219

17000512

Screw 5/16-18 x 3/4

- -

5479J

Plug Button

NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches 1 inch = 25.4 mm

31

REPAIR PARTS

TRACTOR - - MODEL NUMBER 944.602892

DRIVE

89

51

57

63

212

70

90

197

32

81

30

 

 

161

159

158

59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

169

 

 

 

 

162

 

 

198

 

 

 

 

61

 

 

 

 

 

 

56

 

 

 

 

 

83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

41

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

164

 

 

 

 

 

163

 

 

168

 

 

21

 

 

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

82 165

156

166

 

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

35

 

 

 

 

 

62

 

 

 

 

116

66

 

 

65

 

202

 

 

64

50

150

 

 

 

 

48

151

27

51

49

47

120

52

16

95

 

36

34

52

 

 

37

32

 

 

 

 

 

28

30

 

 

 

 

26

36 35

53

77

15

96

26

1

16

26

29

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

22

84 27

 

19

24

 

55

 

 

 

 

 

26 25

 

200

199

 

 

 

 

 

250

 

 

 

 

 

77

 

 

71

250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

78

 

 

 

74

76

73

16

 

75

32

REPAIR PARTS

TRACTOR - - MODEL NUMBER 944.602892

DRIVE

KEY

PART

 

KEY

PART

 

NO.

NO.

DESCRIPTION

NO.

NO.

DESCRIPTION

1

- - - - - -

Transaxle (See Breakdown)

66

154778

Keeper Belt Engine

 

 

Hydro Gear Model 314-0510

70

134683

Keeper Belt Engine

8

165866

Rod Shift

71

169183

Strap Torque Lh Hydro

10

STD561210

Pin Cotter 1/8 x 1 CAD

73

169182

Strap Torque Rh Hydro

14

10040400

Washer Lock Hvy. Helical

74

137057

Spacer, Split

15

74490544

Bolt, Hex FLGHD 5/16-18 Gr. 5

75

121749X

Washer 25/32 x 1-1/4 x 16 Gauge

16

STD541431

Nut Lock Hex W/Ins 5/16-18 Unc

76

STD581075

E-Ring

19

STD541437

Nut Lock Hex W/Wsh 3/8-16 Unc

77

123583X

Key, Square

21

130564

nob, Deluxe 1/2-13

78

121748X

Washer 25/32 x 1-5/8 x 16 Gauge

22

169498

Rod, Brake Hydro

81

165596

Shaft Asm. Cross

24

STD541273

Nut

82

165711

Spring Torsion

25

106888X

Spring, Brake Rod

83

19171216

Washer 17/32 x 3/4 x 16 Ga.

26

STD551037

Washer

84

169594

Link, Transaxle

27

STD561210

Pin Cotter 1/8 x 3/4 CAD.

89

164890X428

Console, Shift

28

175765

Rod, Parking Brake

90

124346X

Nut Self Thd Wsh-Hd 1/4 Zinc

29

71673

Cap, Parking Brake

95

170201

Control Asm Bypass Hydro

30

169592

Bracket, Transaxle

96

STD624003

Retainer Spring 1" Zinc/Cad

32

STD523107

Bolt Hex Hd 5/16-18 Unc x 3/4

116

72140608

Bolt Rdhd Sq. Neck 3/8-16 x 1

34

175578

Shaft, Foot Pedal Nibbed

120

73900600

Nut Lock Flg 3/8-16 UNC

35

120183X

Bearing, Nylon

151

19133210

Washer 13/32 x 2 x 10 Ga.

36

STD551062

Washer

150

175456

Spacer Retainer

37

STD571810

Pin, Roll

156

166002

Washer Srrted 5/16 ID x 1 x .125

38

179114

Pulley, Idler, Flat Composite

158

165589

Bracket Shift Mount

39

74760648

Bolt Fin Hex 3/8-16unc x 3

159

183900

Hub Tapered Flange Shift LT

41

175556

Keeper, Belt Retainer

161

72140406

Bolt Rdhd Sqnk 1/4-20 x 3/4 Gr. 5

47

127783

Pulley, Idler, V-Groove

162

73680400

Nut Crownlock 1/4-20 Unc

48

154407

Bellcrank Clutch Grnd Drv STL

163

74780416

Bolt Hex Fin 1/4-20 Unc x 1 Gr. 5

49

123205X

Retainer, Belt

164

19091010

Washer 5/8 x .281 x 10 Ga.

50

72110612

Bolt Carr. Sh 3/8-16 x 1-1/2 Gr. 5

165

165623

Bracket Pivot Lever

51

STD541437

Nut Crownlock 3/8-16 UNC

166

166880

Screw 5/16-18 x 5/8

52

STD541431

Nut Crownlock 5/16-18 UNC

168

165492

Bolt Shoulder 5/16-18 x .561

53

105710X

Link, Clutch

169

165580

Plate Fastening LT

55

105709X

Spring, Return, Clutch

197

169613

Nyliner Snap-In 5/8" ID

56

17060620

Screw 3/8-16 x 1-1/4

198

169593

Washer Nyl 7/8" ID x .105"

57

140294

V-Belt, Ground Drive

199

169612

Bolt Shoulder 5/16-18 Unc

59

169691

Keeper, Center Span

200

72140508

Bolt Rdhd Sqnk 5/16-18 Unc x 1

61

17120614

Screw 3/8-16 x .875

202

72110614

Bolt Carr Sh 3/8-16 x 1-3/4 Gr. 5

62

8883R

Cover, Pedal

212

145212

Nut Hex Flange Lock

63

175410

Pulley, Engine

250

17060612

Screw 3/8-16 x 3/4

64

71170764

Bolt, Hex

NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches

65

STD551143

Washer

 

 

 

 

1 inch = 25.4 mm

33

REPAIR PARTS

TRACTOR - - MODEL NUMBER 944.602892

STEERING ASSEMBLY

38

12

39

1

41

42

37

37

36

44

51

 

54

91

88

 

43

 

71

29

46

8

6

17 9

2

7

9

5

6867 67

47

67

 

13

65

8546

8

856

9

47

7

3

32

9

5

 

68

29

82

 

15

40

1529

15

11

26

28

10

30

4

43

43

6

8

34

REPAIR PARTS

TRACTOR - - MODEL NUMBER 944.602892

STEERING ASSEMBLY

KEY

PART

 

NO.

NO.

DESCRIPTION

1

139768

Wheel Steering

2

175131

Axle Asm

3169840 Spindle Asm LH

4169839 Spindle Asm RH

5

6266H

Bearing Race Thrust Harden

6121748X Washer 25/32 X 1-5/8 X 16 Ga

719272016 Washer 27/32 X 1-1/4 X 16 Ga

812000029 Ring Klip #t5304-75

93366R Bearing Col Strg Blk

10175121 Link Drag Extended Stamp

11STD551137 Washer Lock Hvy Hlcl Spr 3/8

1273940800 Nut Hex Jam Toplock 1/2-20 Unf

13136518 Bearing Axle STLT/GT

15

145212

Nut Hex Flange Lock

17

180641

Shaft Asm Strg

26

126847X

Bushing Link Drag Blk LR

2819131416 Washer 13/32 X 7/8 X 16 Ga

2917060612 Screw Thdrol 3/8-16x3/4

30STD561210 Pin Cotter 1/8 X 3/4 Cad

32

130465

Rod Tie Wire Form 19 75 Mech

36

155099

Bushing Strg

37

152927

Screw

38139769 Insert Cap Strg Wh Au

3919183812 Washer 9/16 ID x 2-3/8 OD 12 Ga.

40STD541537 Lock nut

41100711L Adaptor Wheel Strg

42145054X428 Boot Steering Shaft

43121749X Washer 25/32 X 1 1/4 X 16 Ga

44180640 Extension Steering Shaft

46

121232X

Cap Spindle Fr Top Blk

47

183226

Fitting Grease

51

73540400

Nut Crownlock 1/4-28

54

71130420

Bolt Hex 1/4-28 Unf x 1-1/4 Gr. 8

65

160367

Spacer Axle

67

72140618

Bolt Rdhd Sq 3/8-16 Unc x 2-1/4

68

169827

Axle, Brace

71

175146

Steering Asm

82

169835

Bracket Susp. Chassis Front

85

133835

Fastener Christmas Tree

88

175118

Shoulder Bolt 7/16-20

91

175553

Clip Steering

NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches 1 inch = 25.4 mm

35